- The Washington Times - Sunday, July 20, 2014

A special intelligence adviser to Army Gen. David H. Petraeus during the 2007 troop surge says the terrorist leader now ruling over large swaths of Iraq and forcing Christians to convert to Islam has long been the most elusive big game for the U.S.

“We had at least three times when we thought we killed [Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi],” said retired Army Col. Derek Harvey. “At least three times.”

As an intelligence officer, Mr. Harvey acquired near-mythical status: He spent two decades studying Iraq, Saddam Hussein’s regime and the complex tribal networks that form the country’s political fabric. He had the ear of the top brass.

“Best military intelligence officer I ever knew,” said retired Army Gen. John Keane, who helped devise the surge strategy of occupying neighborhoods and pulling Sunni fighters to the American side.

The failure to kill al-Baghdadi before he rose to the top and unleashed a June offensive that snatched towns and villages was underscored again last week. Fixed on Baghdad, his terrorist army — the Islamic State — launched its first car bomb assault, his favorite method, since the network broke out of the city of Mosul last month.

After U.S. troops exited Iraq in 2011, al-Baghdadi’s men perfected the use of car bombs as killing machines. Last week, six car bombs were detonated in and around Baghdad. The Institute for the Study of War said as many as 90 people were killed.

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Meanwhile, the institute said, al-Baghdadi is trying to weave his harsh vision of Islam into the fabric of Iraqi life with pronouncements on women’s dress, marriage and property rights.

On Sunday, the vast majority of Christians in Mosul had fled to Kurdish-protected areas ahead of an Islamic State deadline for them to convert to Islam, pay a tax or face death. Militants began occupying churches and homes of Christians who fled, Mosul residents told The Associated Press.

Mr. Harvey, now director of research at the University of South Florida’s Global Initiative on Civil Society and Conflict, was inserted into Baghdad after the 2003 invasion. He returned for the 2007 troop surge to become Gen. Petraeus’ right-hand man for intelligence and understanding the Sunni insurgency, of which al-Baghdadi, then known as Abu Du’a, was a rising star.

In an interview, Mr. Harvey discussed why al-Baghdadi was released from U.S. custody in 2004 and the tradecraft he has since used to evade capture.

He concludes that al-Baghdadi, who heads the Islamic State, is superior to al Qaeda in Iraq founder Abu Musab Zarqawi and better than Osama bin Laden in some respects.

“The success he’s had and his longevity are remarkable,” Mr. Harvey said.

During the early days of the Sunni insurgency, the U.S. picked up al-Baghdadi in February 2004 in Fallujah. In their possession was a murderous jihadist and mullah committed to both Zarqawi and bin Laden. The problem was that the command did not have a centralized database from which review boards could read all about him.

“What we did not have was good detainee packages on those folks that provided circumstances — why they were arrested, who they were arrested with,” Mr. Harvey said. “It was a real failing of the procedures.”

By December 2004, al-Baghdadi’s review board had no choice but to release him unconditionally, the Pentagon said. Within months, as intelligence started to improve, the command discovered that Abu Du’a was one of the most vicious Zarqawi operatives.

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