- Associated Press - Monday, June 16, 2014

WASHINGTON (AP) - President Barack Obama’s new pollution limits for power plants have set off an avalanche of information about what the rules will cost, how they will affect your health and how far they will go toward curbing climate change.

There’s just one problem: Almost none of it is based in reality.

That’s because Obama’s proposed rules, which aim to cut carbon dioxide emissions from power plants 30 percent by 2030, rely on states developing their own customized plans to meet their targets. Among the options are switching to cleaner fuel sources, boosting efficiency to reduce demand for electricity and trading pollution permits through cap-and-trade.

At the earliest, states won’t submit plans until mid-2016; some states could have until 2018. So the true impact won’t be known for years.


But that’s not stopping the White House, environmental groups and the energy industry from serving up speculation in heaping doses.

What we know and don’t know about the effects of the pollution rules:

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ELECTRICITY PRICES

The Obama administration says: The proposal will shrink electricity bills about 8 percent.

Opponents of the new rules say: “Americans can expect to pay $200 more each year for their electricity.” -Institute for Energy Research, a group backed by the Koch brothers.

The reality: It depends how you crunch the numbers. The administration acknowledges that the price per kilowatt hour will go up a few percentage points. But the administration says your total power bill will be lower because the plan incentivizes efficiency and will drive down demand. In other words, you’ll pay more for the electricity you buy, but you’ll buy less of it.

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THE ENVIRONMENT

Environmentalists say: “This is the biggest step we’ve ever taken for the biggest challenge we’ve ever faced.” -League of Conservation Voters

The coal industry says: “The proposal will have practically no effect on global climate change.” -American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity

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