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Noting decades of female-named storms, Ms. Shavitt said, she and her colleagues assessed the degrees of femininity in a name: When a storm with a “low-femininity” name such as Fern is compared with one with a highly feminine name such as Cindy, “we would still expect to see differences, and we do,” she said.

Names of storms with high death tolls, such as Hurricanes Audrey (1957) and Katrina (2005), were dropped from the study as outliers.

Hurricane Sandy of 2012 was included, though.

Multiple factors contributed to Sandy’s 285 deaths, Ms. Shavitt said, but people in its path had days of warnings about a “superstorm.” Sandy is a highly feminine name: It ranked 9 on a scale of 11 on one metric, she said.

So “what our data suggest, in the aggregate, is that people would be less likely to be worried” about a storm named Sandy than one named Sam.