- Associated Press - Wednesday, March 26, 2014

DALLAS (AP) - With their galleries full of paintings and sculptures, museums are a treat for the eyes. So after suffering optic nerve damage, Bobby Jackson of Fort Worth wasn’t sure he’d ever visit one again.

But here the former forklift operator was at Southern Methodist University’s Meadows Museum, taking in some of the museum’s extensive Spanish collection using senses other than sight - tracing tactile versions of paintings with his fingers, immersing himself in their place and time with the help of regional music and food.

Using techniques that extend beyond sight, the Meadows is on the cutting edge of efforts not only to reach out to the visually impaired but also to offer multisensory experiences that appeal to a wide range of audiences through touch, sound and taste.

“The extent of what they are doing and planning to do is far beyond most other university museums - and general art museums, too,” said Mary Ann Siller, a Dallas-based national consultant for blind and low-vision services who’s studied the way museums across the country embrace the community.

For example, patrons can hold a tobacco pipe that mimics one in painter Diego Rivera’s Portrait of Ilya Ehrenberg - or hear music of a work’s era and place, such as Gregorian chants. Even scents are employed to further evoke atmosphere.

“It’s helpful to transport someone, to understand these objects as more than just beautiful works of art,” said Allison Davidson, the Meadows’ special collections coordinator. “You can imagine yourself in the context of where they were created.”

If this sounds like something you’d want to try even though you may not be visually impaired, well, that’s sort of the point. The museum doesn’t want its outreach to the low-vision community to be in the form of exclusive activities or hours; instead, it hopes to attract a range of learning styles.

“The more areas of our brains we engage, the more we can learn,” Carmen Smith, the Meadows’ education director, told The Dallas Morning News (http://dallasne.ws/1ePkfsw ).

Museums already struggle to be among the public’s recreational options, Smith said, but that task is compounded when considering the visually impaired. The Meadows hopes to alter perceptions that museums are only for the sighted.

Jackson, who’s lost most of his vision, was enthusiastic about the idea. “I hadn’t been (to a museum) in a while,” he said. “I’m gathering steam as I go along. I’m hoping to come back more often.”

At the mid-March workshop he attended, which explored artist Joaquin Sorolla’s The Blind Man of Toledo, Jackson let his fingers glide over a mini version of the 1906 work that mimicked the texture of the actual canvas. Another version helped him glean what it looked like, with upraised patterns of lines or dots signifying various objects or features of the image.

The informal session was led by artist John Bramblitt, who is blind. He displayed for the group several walking sticks similar to the wooden one used by the cloaked blind man in Sorolla’s work, contrasting those with the cane he uses to get around using modern mobility methods.

Sorolla’s blind man walks a village road along a stone wall adjoining a river. Behind him are a donkey and cart; farther beyond, an arched bridge and rolling hills.

“Think about what he’s experiencing,” Bramblitt said. “He’s feeling the hardness of the road, with none of the techniques we have today. It’s just him out there with a stick, making his way in the world.”

Discussion followed. What time of day was it? What time of year? Where was he going? Who used the path?

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