Discretionary spending: $8.8 billion
Percentage change from 2014: 6 percent increase
Highlights: The department budget proposes spending $2 billion on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to develop its next generation weather satellite systems, which helps NOAA forecast storms and issue warnings on significant changes in weather conditions.
The overall budget also would finance the National Weather Service while closing an ocean science laboratory and consolidating another.
The department oversees an unusual mix of bureaus, from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to the International Trade Administration and the U.S. Census Bureau.
The proposed budget includes funds for the National Institute of Standards and Technology laboratories, SelectUSA, a program to promote economic investment in the United States, and $210 million to the Economic Development Administration.
The Obama administration is proposing $753 million, an increase of $281 million, for research and testing on methods to conduct the 2020 decennial census. The proposal includes a request for $16 million to develop three statistical measures to “improve evidence-based decision-making” in counting the number of people in the U.S., figures that are politically critical in redrawing congressional districts and deciding on a state’s number of representatives.
The budget also proposes $5 million for the Census Bureau to measure poverty.
The budget requests $51 million for the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, and envisions freeing up 500 MHz of spectrum through spectrum auctions. The administration says such a step will increase commercial access to wireless broadband spectrum and estimates a reduction in the deficit of nearly $20 billion over a decade.
Agency: Defense Department
Discretionary spending: $495.6 billion
Percentage change from 2014: 0.4 percent decrease
Highlights: The Pentagon is proposing to shrink the size of the military, applying a no-growth $495.6 billion budget to modernizing the force in ways that it says will enable the country to meet national security challenges in the aftermath of long and costly wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.