- The Washington Times - Thursday, October 2, 2014

Italian researchers have reported that a second baby who was treated for HIV and thought to have been “cured,” has again tested positive for the virus.

The report, published Thursday in The Lancet, is the second about a child born with HIV and given early antiretroviral treatments, and was thought to be free from the virus but rebounded later.

Initial tests of the second child, born in December 2009, showed that the virus had been eradicated, said the team of researchers, including Mario Clerici, a professor at the University of Milan and Don Gnocchi Foundation in Italy.

The anti-HIV treatments were administered for three years and stopped with the child’s mother’s permission, the researchers said. But two weeks later, the child’s HIV tests came back positive.

The authors suggested that the child’s low birthweight and high viral load at birth, as well as an infection while in the womb may have prevented long-lasting viral remission. “The search for an HIV cure continues,” they wrote.

This July federal officials said a child known as the “Mississippi baby,” who also appeared to be free of HIV last year, again tested positive for the virus.

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