- Associated Press - Saturday, June 27, 2015

ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) - New laws approved in Maryland’s last legislative session are taking effect on July 1.

Eight things to know about them:

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STORMWATER FEES

State-mandated stormwater management fees will end, but nine counties and the city of Baltimore will need to show they are paying to meet federal mandates to clean polluted stormwater.

Republican Gov. Larry Hogan campaigned against the state-mandated fees, which were approved in the last hour of the 2012 legislative session, and he made repeal a priority of his first session. Critics referred to the fees as “the rain tax.”

The repeal measure that passed earlier this year by wide margins in both houses of the Maryland Legislature has the approval of environmentalists, because it creates greater accountability for the state’s 10 most populated jurisdictions in preventing pollution in stormwater from entering the Chesapeake Bay.

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RIDE SHARE

Regulations for ride-share companies like Uber and Lyft are going into effect. The law requires background checks for drivers and addresses insurance minimums for ride-share companies that rely on cellphone GPS and messaging to set up passenger rides.

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MILITARY RETIREMENT PENSION

The state’s $5,000 tax exemption on military retirement pensions for people over 65 will increase to $10,000. Hogan initially proposed eliminating state income tax on all military retirement income, phased in over a period of four years, but the proposal was scaled back by lawmakers.

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POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY-REPORTING

Local law enforcement agencies will be required to provide the Governor’s Office of Crime Control and Prevention with information on officer-involved deaths and deaths in the line of duty. The office will be required to report information annually on officer-involved deaths and deaths in the line of duty to lawmakers.

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STUDENT PRIVACY

A new law to better protect the use of K-12 student data bans companies from using the data to target ads to students or to create personal profiles for noneducational purposes.

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APPRENTICESHIP MARYLAND

A two-year pilot program called Apprenticeship Maryland is being formed to help prepare students to enter the workforce.

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DRONE REGULATION

Only the state, not local governments, can enact a law or take other action to prohibit, restrict or regulate the testing or operation of unmanned aircraft systems in Maryland.

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PUBLIC CAMPAIGN FINANCE

Maryland is bringing back a voluntary checkoff on individual income tax returns for public campaign financing for governor.

The original checkoff was repealed in 2010. Its return was a priority for Hogan, who became Maryland’s first candidate to win the governorship with public financing.

The fund had not been used since 1994. Last year’s election drained the fund down to about $1.1 million.

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