- Associated Press - Thursday, February 9, 2017

JOHANNESBURG (AP) - South African police and military forces on Thursday deployed ahead of a speech in parliament by President Jacob Zuma, the target of protesters who demand that he quit because of corruption allegations.

Zuma, who was set to give an annual address on the economy and other national matters, is a politically weakened figure who has faced calls to resign even from factions of the ruling African National Congress party. Some ANC members blame Zuma’s scandals for the party’s poor performance in local elections in August, in which it lost control of several key metropolitan areas.

Critics condemned an announcement by Zuma’s office that 441 members of the military would assist police in maintaining order in Cape Town’s streets during the speech and the opening of parliament. The military has previously deployed for the event, but the security operation was among the largest in recent years.

One group of protesters scuffled with police who blocked their path. Some past protests outside parliament have turned violent, and members of the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters party have often interrupted Zuma in the chamber when he was trying to speak. They vowed to do the same on Thursday.

The hours leading up to Zuma’s speech featured the pomp associated with the annual opening of parliament, when dignitaries walk on a red carpet and pose for cameras in an impromptu fashion show.

Leaders of the Democratic Alliance, the biggest opposition party, posed in front a banner recalling nearly 100 psychiatric patients who died last year in Gauteng, the country’s most developed province. Local officials had transferred the patients to non-governmental groups allegedly operating with invalid licenses.

Zuma, who expressed condolences to the families of the dead, has been under scrutiny for an allegedly improper relationship with the Guptas, a business family of Indian immigrants that has been accused of meddling in top government appointments. The president has denied wrongdoing.

Zuma, who took office in 2009, also reimbursed the state more than $500,000 in a scandal over upgrades to his private home.

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Follow Christopher Torchia on Twitter at www.twitter.com/torchiachris

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