Oscar Pistorius hands a note to his defense team as he listens to cross questioning about the events surrounding the shooting death of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp, in court during his trial in Pretoria, South Africa, Tuesday, March 11, 2014. Pistorius is charged with the shooting death of Steenkamp, on Valentines Day in 2013. (AP Photo/Kevin Sutherland, Pool)
The IWI (former IMI) Tavor TAR-21 is an Israeli assault rifle designed to be more effective in urban combat than the M16 series but still be able to be as effective at a range as the M16. In order to accomplish this, the rifle utilizes a bullpup design that shortens the weapon by 300mm in the standard models. There exist even shorter carbine models.
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is the United States military select-fire adaptation of the AR-15 rifle. The rifle was adapted for semi-automatic and full-automatic fire. Colt purchased the rights to the AR-15 from ArmaLite, and currently uses that designation only for semi-automatic versions of the rifle. The M16 fires the 5.56Ã—45mm NATO cartridge. The rifle entered United States Army service and was deployed for jungle warfare operations in South Vietnam in 1963, becoming the U.S. military's standard service rifle of the Vietnam War by 1969, replacing the M14 rifle in that role. The U.S. Army retained the M14 in CONUS, Europe, and South Korea until 1970. In 1983 with the adoption of the M16A2, the M16 rifle was modified for three round bursts, with some later variants having all modes of fire and has been the primary service rifle of the U.S. armed forces.
The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its caliber. As of 2010, the U.S. Army is supplementing the M16 in combat units with the M4 carbine, which is itself a shortened derivative of the M16A2.
The Heckler & Koch G36 is a 5.56Ã—45mm assault rifle, designed in the early 1990s by Heckler & Koch (H&K) in Germany as a replacement for the heavier 7.62mm G3 battle rifle. It was accepted into service with the Bundeswehr in 1997, replacing the G3. The G36 is gas-operated and feeds from a 30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine.
The FAMAS (short for "Fusil d'Assaut de la Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Ã‰tienne", French for "assault rifle of the Saint-Ã‰tienne weapon factory") traces back to a project in 1967. It was met with production problems, but in 1978 it became the standard French rifle. It is a bullpup assault rifle like the Steyr AUG, meaning the ammunition is loaded behind the trigger for easier management. It can be used as a semi-automatic, automatic or three burst weapon.