Southern Sudanese take part in a pro-separation rally in the southern capital of Juba on Friday, Jan. 7, 2011. Thousands of pro-independence supporters rallied throughout the town just two days before voting commences in a referendum that will determine if southern Sudan secedes from the north to form the world's newest country. (AP Photo/Pete Muller)
Citizens unloaded voting material at Tali, in southern Sudan, earlier this week. Referendum voting begins Sunday to determine whether south Sudan should remain part of the country or to break away from the north. (Associated Press)
Pro-separation activists hold signs and chant pro-independence slogans outside the Juba airport in Southern Sudan, where Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir arrived on Tuesday, Jan. 4, 2011. Southerners will commence voting in an independence referendum on Sunday, the outcome of which will determine whether the south secedes to form the world's newest country. (AP Photo/Pete Muller)
Southern Sudanese security forces wait outside the control room of the Petrodar oil facility in Paloich, southern Sudan. Sudan's oil industry may soon see a major shake-up. Southern Sudan holds an independence referendum in January that is likely to see the creation of the world's newest country. (Associated Press)
In this Nov. 4, 2010 photo, Moses Bec, Carter Center field officer, uses a flip chart to explain to residents of Rakaweng cattle camp in Sudan how to prevent contracting guinea worm. He is holding a soiled and unusable water filter which was found by Carter Center staff on the ground in the cattle camp. The Carter Center distributes simple tools like cloth filters to local communities in remote Awerial County, in Lakes State, Southern Sudan, to encourage people to drink clean water instead of drinking directly from ponds contaminated with guinea worm. Cattle keeping communities in places like Awerial County, however, are sometimes resistant to using these devices, so the Carter Center conducts frequent health education sessions in the cattle camps in order to encourage regular use of the filtering devices. (AP Photo/Maggie Fick)
ASSOCIATED PRESS PHOTOGRAPHS
Southern army officers in Northern Bahr el Ghazal state in Sudan on Saturday peer into a bomb crater created from one of the bombs dropped by the northern Sudanese army on a southern army base in the disputed border zone of Kiir Adem, where southern Sudan meets Darfur. The northern Sudanese army has launched a series of aerial bombardments in this disputed zone over the past month, and the southern army says it will not respond to these provocations in order to protect the rights of southern Sudanese to participate peacefully in their January independence referendum.
Sen. Richard G. Lugar, Indiana Republican, says Democrats should limit the lame-duck session to tax legislation, a broad spending measure and a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty with Russia. If Republicans get that assurance, he says, the treaty could pass with "strong bipartisan support." (Associated Press)
Ajak Dau Akech (left) and Kuol Awan, executive director of the Arizona Lost Boys Center - both are Sudanese war orphans and part of the group known as the Lost Boys of Sudan - look through refugee identification document packages to be mailed to Lost Boys around the world.
**FILE** Sudanese First Vice President Salva Kiir swears an oath in front of President Omar Bashir in Khartoum, Sudan, after an election marred by boycotts and fraud allegations in May. (Associated Press)
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, left, Rwandan President Paul Kagame, second from left, Comoros President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, third from right, and Sudan President Omar Bashir, second from right, attend the signing into law of the new Kenyan constitution, at Uhuru Park in Nairobi, Kenya, Friday, Aug. 27, 2010. (AP Photo/Khalil Senosi)
** FILE ** Two unidentified German aid workers who were kidnapped five weeks earlier in Sudan's Darfur region arrive at the airport in Khartoum, Sudan, on Tuesday, July 27, 2010. The two men, who worked for the Technisches Hilfswerk, or THW, a German state agency that does development work, were released without force with the help of Sudanese security forces and are in good health, officials said. (AP Photo/Abd Raouf)
In this photo of a sketch by courtroom artist Janet Hamlin and reviewed by a U.S. Department of Defense official, Ibrahim Ahmed Mahmoud al-Qosi, a 50-year-old al Qaeda cook from Sudan, attends his war crimes trial Wednesday at the Camp Justice compound on Guantanamo Bay U.S. Naval Base in Cuba. (Associated Press)
"What we do in the next three to six months, I believe, will determine the course of this region ..., and so it's very important that we get this right," says Scott Gration, U.S. special envoy to Sudan. (Associated Press)
FILE - In this Oct. 2, 1996 photo, Keba Phipps, left, former player of the US volleyball Olympic team, and Manute Bol, of Sudan, who played in NBA as center with Philadelphia 76ers, on the catwalk for Chiara Boni, at the unveiling of her collection for the Spring-Summer 1997 in Milan.