"There are so many students who are leaving our schools with deep psychological trauma that they're never going to talk about," she said. "The shame is so deep, that somehow they're weak, that they couldn't take it. The culture reinforces that."
Colleges pledge to squelch dangerous rites of hazing →
Although some students may simply refuse the humiliating initiation requirements, many go along with them rather than risk their reputations, Ms. Maxwell said.