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F-4_Phantom

F-4_Phantom

10. F-4 PHANTOM The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[N 1] is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor fighter/fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.[1] It first entered service in 1960 with the U.S. Navy. Proving highly adaptable, it was also adopted by the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Air Force, and by the mid-1960s had become a major part of their respective air wings. The Phantom is a large fighter with a top speed of over Mach 2.2. It can carry over 18,000 pounds (8,400 kg) of weapons on nine external hardpoints, including air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and various bombs. The F-4, like other interceptors of its time, was designed without an internal cannon. Later models incorporated a M61 Vulcan rotary cannon. Beginning in 1959 it set 15 world records for in-flight performance,[3] including an absolute speed record, and an absolute altitude record. During the Vietnam War the F-4 was used extensively; it served as the principal air superiority fighter for both the Navy and Air Force, and became important in the ground-attack and reconnaissance roles late in the war. The Phantom has the distinction of being the last U.S. fighter flown to attain ace status in the 20th century. During the Vietnam War the USAF had one pilot and two weapon systems officers (WSOs),[5] and the US Navy one pilot and one radar intercept officer (RIO), achieve five aerial kills against other enemy fighter aircraft and become aces in air-to-air combat.[6] The F-4 continued to form a major part of U.S. military air power throughout the 1970s and 1980s, being gradually replaced by more modern aircraft such as the F-15 Eagle and F-16 in the U.S. Air Force; the Grumman F-14 Tomcat in the U.S. Navy and the F/A-18 Hornet in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps.The F-4 Phantom II remained in use by the U.S. in the reconnaissance and Wild Weasel (suppression of enemy air defenses) roles in the 1

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Two F-16 Fighting Falcons break out of formation and head to the “fight” April 27, 2011, during Green Flag West at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Kevin J. Gruenwald)

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U.S. Air Force Capt. Brandon Lavalley and Maj. Derrick Vincent, both assigned to the 4th Fighter Squadron, fly toward the Nevada Test and Training Range on day three of Red Flag 12-2 at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev. Coalition partners from South Korea and Saudi Arabia also participated in the joint training exercise. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Ben Bloker)

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A U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II finishes a refueling over the Alaskan Range during Red Flag-Alaska, Eielson AFB, AK, June 24, 2010. More than 1,300 personnel are deployed here for the exercise which includes units from two international military partners. The exercise will end on June 25th. (U.S. Air Force photo/SSgt Clay Lancaster)

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A U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 74th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron, Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan flies a combat sortie Jan. 7, 2014, over Northeast, Afghanistan. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Jason Robertson/not reviewed)

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A U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 74th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron, Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan flies a combat sortie Jan. 7, 2014, over Northeast, Afghanistan. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Jason Robertson/not reviewed)

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** FILE ** The B-17F Memphis Belle is shown in the restoration hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio. The most celebrated American aircraft to emerge from World War II is undergoing a loving and fastidious restoration. (U.S. Air Force photograph via Associated Press)

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In this March 28, 2014 photo provided by the U.S. Air Force, members of the 348th Reconnaissance Squadron monitor the flight of an RQ-4 Global Hawk during an endurance flight from Grand Forks Air Force Base, N.D. The flight set a new record, lasting 34.3 hours. It was the longest flight without in-air refueling for a military aircraft and broke the record by a little more than an hour. Additionally, the mission was staffed entirely by female Airmen in recognition of Women's History Month. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the U.S. Air Force, Staff Sgt. David Dobrydney)

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In this March 29, 2014 photo provided by the U.S. Air Force, an RQ-4 Global Hawk comes in to land at Grand Forks Air Force Base, N.D. The aircraft from the 348th Reconnaissance Squadron had just set a new record for longest flight by a military aircraft without air refueling, remaining aloft for 34.3 hours. It broke the record by a little more than an hour. Additionally, the mission was staffed entirely by female Airmen in recognition of Women's History Month. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the U.S. Air Force, Staff Sgt. David Dobrydney)

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U.S. Air Force Gen. Philip Breedlove, the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, second left, speaks to colleagues during a meeting of the North Atlantic Council with Non-NATO ISAF Contributing Nations at NATO headquarters in Brussels on Wednesday, April 2, 2014. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)

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U.S. Air Force Gen. Philip Breedlove, the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, second left, speaks to colleagues during a meeting of the North Atlantic Council with Non-NATO ISAF Contributing Nations at NATO headquarters in Brussels on Wednesday, April 2, 2014. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)

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U.S. Air Force Gen. Philip Breedlove, left, the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, speaks to colleagues during a meeting of the North Atlantic Council with Non-NATO ISAF Contributing Nations at NATO headquarters in Brussels on Wednesday, April 2, 2014. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)