- The Washington Times - Thursday, October 19, 2000

Signal to Serbs

U.S. Ambassador to Bosnia-Herzegovina Thomas Miller is sending signals that the United States will be displeased if the hard-line Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) wins next month's general elections.
The leader of the pro-Western Serbian Peoples' Alliance said Mr. Miller told him privately yesterday that the United States will cut off aid to the Bosnian Serb Republic if the SDS is victorious in the Nov. 11 vote.
"On this occasion Mr. Miller expressed the view of the United States that if the SDS won the forthcoming election, his government would stop all aid to the Serb republic," party leader Biljana Plavsic said in a statement.
The SDS was founded by Radovan Karadzic, who has been indicted for war crimes and remains at large. The SDS is the dominant power in the Serb Republic, which was created by the 1995 Dayton accords that ended the war in Bosnia. The accords also created a separate Muslim-Croat Federation.
Mr. Miller, in a radio interview yesterday, avoided making a direct threat but issued a strong hint that Washington would be upset by an SDS victory.
"If you have an election and it results … in a very pro-Dayton leadership in the [Muslim-Croat] federation, for instance, and … an anti-Dayton leadership [in the Serb Republic], we will draw our own conclusions," he said.

Free trade with Jordan

Jordan's deputy prime minister is to hold another round of free-trade talks in Washington today.
Mohamed Halayka hopes the meeting will mark the final session of talks that began in June after Jordan's King Abdullah II visited the United States.
"This session of discussions with the American side will be the last before the signing of an agreement," Mr. Halayka told the official Petra news agency before leaving Jordan yesterday.
Mr. Halayka, who also serves as minister of state for economic affairs, said "pending issues, such as services and intellectual property rights" will be the focus of the talks.
Jordan exported $13 million worth of goods to the United States last year, but imported $360 million in American products and services.

Gilman scholarships

President Clinton yesterday signed a bill creating scholarships named for the chairman of the House International Relations Committee.
The Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarships will allow American undergraduate students "of limited financial means to study abroad and better prepare them to compete in an increasingly global economy," Mr. Clinton said.
Mr. Gilman, New York Republican, said, "It has long been my dream to support gifted needy American students to broaden their horizons with overseas study early in their lives."

Failed peace process

The unrest in the Middle East prompted foreign-policy analyst Anthony Cordesman to examine the military balance between Israel and the Palestinians and the role of extremists groups in the latest outbreak of violence.
"It is now all too clear that the peace process is reversible and that peace negotiations can fail entirely, Mr. Cordesman writes in a report filed on the Web site of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).
"Events in recent weeks have shown how quickly such violence can escalate and how sudden the transition can be from peace negotiations to something approaching war. They have also shown that asymmetric expectations and asymmetric war can be a terrible combination."
Mr. Cordesman noted that the fighting that began last month and the earlier failure of the Camp David talks "exposed the fact that Israel and Palestine still have deeply asymmetric goals and expectations, not only over Jerusalem but over all of the final settlement issues."
He said the Israeli proposals at Camp David "went further than Israel had ever gone before," but the Palestinians demanded more.
Mr. Cordesman, a CSIS analyst, is also an adjunct professor of national security studies at Georgetown University.
He is a former national security adviser to Sen. John McCain, Arizona Republican, and has served in senior positions in the Defense, State and Energy departments.
His report is posted on the center's Web site (www.csis.org).

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