- The Washington Times - Friday, September 22, 2000

TOKYO Beer flowed and cheers went up yesterday as a ship pulled into port carrying Japan's latest ocean catch 88 whales.
The nation, which consumes whales both cooked and raw as a delicacy, remains defiant before growing international criticism, defending the hunt as scientific research.
Next year, Japan plans to catch as many as 160 whales and much of the meat will end up in upscale restaurants.
"All they think is that whales are cute," fisheries official Masayuki Komatsu said derisively of Westerners at a ceremony aboard the ship, the Nisshin Maru.
Japan's hunt has drawn international ire. The United States punished Japan last week by denying it some fishing rights in U.S. waters and launched an investigation that could lead to trade sanctions.
Some Japanese feel that consuming blubber is part of their culture and are miffed about having outsiders meddle with their eating habits.
"National dietary habits are products of history and should be mutually respected," the Mainichi newspaper said in an editorial. "The United States and those European states that have turned against whaling used to slaughter whales for their oil."
The Japanese public has shown little interest in the whaling controversy. TV news programs yesterday were devoted to coverage of the Sydney Olympic Games and showed nothing on the whaling mission.
The International Whaling Commission banned commercial whaling in the mid-1980s but allows whaling countries to kill whales for research to gather information on migration, eating patterns and pollution levels.
After pulling into a Tokyo harbor to end a monthlong mission, the Nisshin Maru crew celebrated their return by lifting beer cans in a joyous toast. Officials at the ceremony praised the ship's crew and defended Japan's fight against international pressure on whaling.
"There's no reason to criticize the mission," crew member Katsuo Nemoto said. "This is biological science."
The Nissin Maru and its fleet of research vessels brought back in a refrigerated hull 88 whales caught and killed in the northwest Pacific Ocean 43 Bryde's whales, five sperm whales and 40 minke whales.
It was the first time in more than a decade that the catch included not just minke but also Bryde's and sperm whales two species protected under U.S. law.
Tokyo says both are plentiful, putting estimates at 100,000 for sperm whales and 22,000 for Bryde's whales.
The hunt is in no way endangering the species, fisheries officials say, adding that the whales are hurting the livelihoods of Japanese fishermen by eating too much fish.
Activists say the research is no more than a guise for satisfying Japan's taste for whale meat.
"They're simply trying to revive commercial whaling," said Sanae Shida of Greenpeace Japan. "Do you normally have to kill animals to do this kind of research?"
Kazuo Shima, an official with the government-linked Institute of Cetacean Research, said Japan's efforts benefit the entire world.
"This research is not just for Japan," he said. "If Japan doesn't do this research, who will?"

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