- The Washington Times - Wednesday, August 22, 2001

Completely confused?
The State Department yesterday denied that Washington is sending mixed signals on the removal of sanctions against Pakistan.
"There are absolutely no mixed signals. You are completely confused on the subject matter," spokesman Philip Reeker told Embassy Row.
This column Monday reported on comments from Mr. Reeker and Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage on whether to lift sanctions imposed on Pakistan after its 1998 nuclear tests and other sanctions slapped on the country after a military coup in 1999.
It was noted that Mr. Reeker, in a press briefing last week, said sanctions "cannot be lifted until [President Bush] determines that a democratically elected government has taken office" in Pakistan.
On Friday, Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, on a visit to Australia, told reporters that the administration is, indeed, considering lifting "some of the sanctions," even though the government of Gen. Pervez Musharraf remains in power.
Mr. Reeker yesterday said he and Mr. Armitage were talking about different sanctions.
Mr. Reeker said he was referring to the "democracy sanctions" imposed after the coup, which overthrew an elected, if corrupt, government, while Mr. Armitage was talking about the nuclear sanctions.
The United States slapped similar sanctions on Pakistan and India after both countries conducted nuclear weapons tests in 1998.
Washington has recently discussed removing the sanctions on India, and Pakistan has been demanding equal treatment.
Pakistan Embassy spokesman Mian Asad Hayauddin yesterday said Mr. Armitage's comment was the "most direct public statement we have heard."
Mr. Hayauddin said Pakistan is actually under four sets of sanctions.
The first were imposed in 1990 when the United States suspected Pakistan of possessing the capability to develop nuclear weapons.
The 1998 and 1999 actions deepened the punitive measures against Pakistan, and the latest were imposed in November, he said.

Unmasking genocide
Prudence Bushnell was one of the few U.S. officials who understood what was really going on in Rwanda during the tribal genocide in 1994.
Mrs. Bushnell, then deputy assistant secretary of state for Africa, telephoned a Rwandan army colonel and told him Washington knew that the extremist Hutu government was orchestrating the slaughter of Tutsi civilians.
The Associated Press, quoting newly declassified documents, reported this week Mrs. Bushnell told Col. Theoneste Bagosora that, "in the eyes of the world, the Rwandan military engaged in criminal acts, aiding and abetting civilian massacres."
The documents were released by the National Security Archives, a private group that collects and distributes declassified information.
Col. Bagosora, the Rwandan army's former chief of staff, has been indicted for war crimes by a U.N. tribunal.
The Rwandan tragedy was one of the darkest chapters for the Clinton administration, which refused to recognize the extent of the killings until years later.
Mrs. Bushnell is now ambassador to Guatemala.

Colin Powell wants you
Old soldiers never die. They join the State Department.
Yes, Foggy Bottom wants you, if you are a veteran looking to trade in your fatigues for a pin-stripped suit.
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, an old soldier himself, yesterday announced an enlistment drive to attract 1,433 new recruits to the diplomatic and civil service at the State Department by the end of the 2002 fiscal year.
The State Department said the task is "its largest expansion in decades."
To achieve that goal, the former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff did not open a new personnel office. He deployed a "Diplomatic Readiness Task Force" to find budding soldier-diplomats in the Washington area and other cities.
"The department has a wide range of opportunities of potential interest to the military," the State Department said. "Over 500 former military personnel have entered the department in the last two years alone."
Interested? Call the task force office at 202/261-8929.


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