- The Washington Times - Thursday, August 23, 2001

Burghardt selected
Two days after the president of Taiwan announced the appointment, President Bush said yesterday he has selected the U.S. envoy to Taiwan to serve as ambassador to Vietnam.
Mr. Bush said he will nominate career diplomat Raymond Burghardt as the second U.S. ambassador to the Southeast Asian nation since the end of the Vietnam War.
On Monday, President Chen Shui-bian of Taiwan, in a breach of protocol, told reporters in Taipei that Mr. Burghardt would get the nomination.
Mr. Burghardt, the director of the American Institute in Taiwan, has been the top U.S. diplomat there since 1999. The institute serves as an unofficial U.S. Embassy because Washington recognizes the communist regime in Beijing as the only government of China.
Mr. Burghardt has served in the U.S. Consulate in Shanghai and as deputy chief mission at the embassies in the Philippines and South Korea.
He will replace Ambassador Douglas "Pete" Peterson, who served as the first postwar ambassador to Vietnam.

Seeking 'fairness'
Pakistan Ambassador Maleeha Lodhi is warning that a failure to remove major U.S. sanctions on her country will harm relations with the United States.
The "continuance of sanctions mars the U.S.-Pakistan relationship and constrains its future growth," she told the Pakistan American Council in Washington this week.
Pakistan, a major U.S. Cold War ally, is under a series of sanctions first applied in the 1980s. Washington added further measures and imposed similar sanctions on India after both countries conducted nuclear tests in 1998.
The Bush administration is considering lifting the measures against India and has hinted at some relief for Pakistan.
Still more measures, so-called "democracy sanctions," were slapped on Pakistan in 1999 after Gen. Pervez Musharraf overthrew an elected government that was viewed as corrupt in Pakistan.
The State Department has said those sanctions will remain until democracy is restored.
Miss Lodhi said that the removal of the 1998 sanctions would be of little benefit. The major punitive measures were applied in the 1980s when the United States suspected Pakistan had developed the ability to build nuclear weapons.
"These sanctions have in any case proved counterproductive and have run their course," she said. "We have emphasized to the Bush administration that once its sanctions review is completed, removal or waiver of sanctions against Pakistan and India should be done concurrently, and there should be no differentiated approach between the two countries."
She welcomed comments from Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, who said 1998 sanctions "would be the first to go."
Miss Lodhi called on her audience to lobby the administration and Congress for "fairness and nondiscrimination."

Diplomats wanted
The State Department yesterday asked this column to provide more details on its new program to attract military personnel to the diplomatic corps.
On Wednesday, Embassy Row reported on Secretary of State Colin L. Powell's Diplomatic Readiness Task Force, created to attract more candidates to apply for foreign- and civil-service positions in the State Department.
He is actively targeting retired officers and enlisted troops or those approaching the end of their hitch who want to switch to Foggy Bottom.
The department has created a "Mid-Level Entry Program" to attract current government workers or those who have retired within the past five years. State is looking for civilians with the rank of GS12 or above, or military personnel with the minimum rank of 03 in the officer corps, W3 among warrant officers or E7 for enlisted troops.
Sept. 4 is the deadline to apply for that program for 2001.
In addition, State is looking for candidates for its "Junior Officer Program" and specialized positions such as personnel officers, financial managers or information-technology experts.
For more information, call 202/261-8888 or check the State Department's Web site www.state.gov/employment. Information is also available at www.foreignservicecareers.gov and www.usajobs.opm.gov.

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