- The Washington Times - Tuesday, August 28, 2001

China has stepped up deployments of short-range missiles opposite Taiwan and now has more than 350 rockets within range of the island, The Washington Times has learned.
New missile deployments were discovered by U.S. intelligence agencies at Yongan, in Fujian province, and at Jiangshan an existing base disclosed for the first time as a missile site, said U.S. intelligence and military officials.
China added more than 30 new CSS-6 and CSS-7 missiles within range of Taiwan in a buildup that U.S. officials say is increasing tensions and destabilizing the region.
"They are on track with adding 50 new missiles a year," said a senior Pentagon official.
Asked about the missile buildup, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz said in an interview yesterday that the missile buildup is destabilizing.
"They have been doing that steadily for a number of years now," Mr. Wolfowitz said.
The missile deployments contradict China's commitment to a 1982 communique with the United States that said Beijing's fundamental policy is a "peaceful resolution" of its differences with Taiwan.
"And I don't see that building up your missiles is part of a fundamental policy of peaceful resolution," Mr. Wolfowitz said. Any attempt by China to intimidate Taiwan will not work because the United States is firmly resolved to prevent the forcible reunification of the island with the mainland, Mr. Wolfowitz said.
The latest deployments put the total number of short-range missiles within range of Taiwan at around 350, an increase of 50 missiles since the spring.
A senior White House official who briefed reporters on the administration's proposed arms sales to Taiwan said in April that there were 300 short-range missiles opposite Taiwan. China's military will deploy a total of around 600 missiles by 2005, the senior official said.
According to the intelligence officials, some of the new missiles were identified as CSS-6 Mod 2s a longer-range version of a missile also known as the M-9. The other new missiles were identified as CSS-7s, also known as M-11s.
Both missiles have a maximum range of around 372 miles, according to the officials.
"All the new deployments are within range of Taiwan," said one official.
The new missiles were identified by launch pads that were recently constructed and identified by U.S. spy satellites last month near the towns of Jiangshan and Yongan.
Yongan was the base used by Chinese military forces to fire test missiles north and south of Taiwan during what became known as the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis. The United States responded by dispatching two aircraft carrier battle groups to the region.
Jiangshan was identified for the first time as a short-range missile base although officials said it was not a new base.
U.S. intelligence agencies provided different counts of the numbers of new missiles.
One military intelligence agency stated in a classified report that 30 new missiles were identified at Jiangshan, located about 240 miles southwest of Shanghai, and the rest at Yongan, in Fujian province about 220 miles from Taiwan.
A second military intelligence agency stated that most of the new missiles were deployed at Yongan, with only a small number fielded at Jiangshan.
The Chinese have three other short-range missile bases within range of Taiwan in addition to Yongan and Jiangshan. They include the missile brigade headquarters at Leping, and two bases at Xianyou, about 125 miles from Taiwan, and Nanping, about 230 miles from Taiwan.
U.S. intelligence spotted the missile units as they were sent by railroad from Leping to Fujian province during China's large-scale war games in the region, which concluded last week.
China's military forces did not fire any CSS-6s or CSS-7s during the exercises. However, a medium-range CSS-2 missile was test-fired Aug. 21.
Pentagon officials said the Chinese missiles are deployed in "brigades" that typically have 16 transporter-erector launchers and a stockpile of up to 97 missiles. Most of the missiles and launchers are stored in hardened underground bunkers designed to withstand strikes by precision-guided weapons, the officials said.
Richard Fisher, a specialist on the Chinese military, said the latest deployments show Beijing is continuing to threaten Taiwan.
"China is increasing the missile threat against Taiwan and now with this northern deployment it has the option of threatening U.S. forces that may come to Taiwan's defense," said Mr. Fisher, a military analyst with the private Jamestown Foundation.
"I think that's significant."
Mr. Fisher noted that the missile buildup is continuing while both the United States and Taiwan lack effective regional anti-missile defenses.
Assistant Defense Secretary Peter Rodman recently said China's buildup is one argument pushing the United States toward missile defenses.
"I … have not seen restraint in China's missile deployments, and it is certainly something we raised with them," Mr. Rodman said. "They raised the question of missile defense, and I think a reasonable answer to make to them is, 'Well, the missile defense is prompted by the fact that there are missiles.'"
Chen Shui-bian, president of the Republic of China (Taiwan), said in an interview in July that the United States, Japan and Taiwan should cooperate in building regional missile defenses to counter China's missile buildup.

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