- The Washington Times - Thursday, December 6, 2001

NEW YORK (AP) Nearly 50 years after convicted Soviet spy Ethel Rosenberg was executed, her brother has admitted that he lied under oath to save himself and says he is unconcerned that his perjury may have sent his sister and her husband to the electric chair.
"As a spy who turned his family in I don't care," David Greenglass said in a television interview broadcast yesterday. "I sleep very well."
The admission may shed new light on the Rosenberg case, one of the most infamous events of the Cold War. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed in Sing Sing prison in June 1953, two years after a sensational trial on charges of conspiring to steal U.S. atomic secrets for the Soviet Union.
They were the only people ever executed in the United States for Cold War espionage.
Mr. Greenglass, now 79, made the disclosure of false testimony in "The Brother," a new book by veteran New York Times editor Sam Roberts, and in a taped interview broadcast yesterday on the CBS program "60 Minutes II."
Mr. Greenglass, Ethel's younger brother, admits in the book that he, too, was a spy who gave the Soviets information about atomic research and a detonator invented by another scientist.
When the Rosenbergs came to trial, Mr. Greenglass was also under indictment and worried that he and his wife, Ruth, would be convicted. He says Roy Cohn, an assistant prosecutor and later aide to Mr. McCarthy, encouraged him to lie.
In court, Mr. Greenglass delivered what would be the most incriminating testimony against Ethel Rosenberg that she transcribed his spy notes destined for Moscow on a portable Remington typewriter. His wife corroborated his testimony.
But now, Mr. Greenglass tells Mr. Roberts that he based his account entirely on his wife's recollection, not on his own.
In the TV interview, he says, "I don't know who typed it, frankly, and to this day I can't remember that the typing took place. I had no memory of that at all none whatsoever."
Mr. Roberts writes in his book, "Handwritten or typed, the notes contained little or nothing that was new. But from the prosecution's perspective, the Remington was as good as a smoking gun in Ethel Rosenberg's hands."
In the TV interview, Mr. Greenglass is asked why the Rosenbergs went to their deaths rather than admit espionage.
"One word stupidity," Mr. Greenglass replies. Asked whether that makes Ethel responsible for her own death, he says, "Yeah."
Mr. Greenglass admits he is sometimes haunted by the Rosenberg case, but adds, "My wife says, 'Look, we're still alive.'"

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