- The Washington Times - Saturday, July 21, 2001

GENOA, Italy One protester was killed and nearly 100 police and demonstrators injured in running battles that raged in the cobbled alleyways and broad piazzas of this ancient port city yesterday.
The interior minister said the protester was shot, apparently by a police officer acting in self-defense.
In a daylong face-off between riot police and the violent vanguard of a massive protest march, demonstrators lobbed bricks, bottles and firebombs, while police fired tear gas and powerful blasts from water cannons.
Once again, an international gathering had become a battleground, but one that set a grim new benchmark in what has become a familiar pattern of confrontation. This time, the setting was the Group of Eight summit, which brings together the world's seven wealthiest industrialized nations and Russia.
The clashes produced the first fatality in increasingly intense protests staged at similar gatherings over the last two years in nearly a dozen cities under the auspices of the anti-globalization movement.
Italian Interior Minister Claudio Scajola said in a statement that the young man who was killed "was hit by a bullet, presumably fired in self-defense by one of the injured carabinieri," a paramilitary policeman.
A police official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, identified the victim as Carlo Giuliani, 23, a Rome native living in unoccupied buildings in the center of Genoa. He said Mr. Giuliani had a long criminal record that included weapons and drug charges.
Late yesterday, the summit leaders issued a joint statement expressing regret for the death and condemning the violence. They urged peaceful protesters to isolate lawbreakers by example.
They also spoke out individually. President Bush called the demonstrator's death "tragic" and injuries to police and demonstrators alike "highly regrettable," said Gary Edson, the U.S. deputy national security adviser.
As well as being a chaotic street battle, the day's fighting was a clash of deeply held values.
"They are just selfish," protester Saeed Mohammed said of the rich countries whose leaders met in an ornate medieval palace just blocks away from where he stood. Clouds of choking tear gas wafted his way after another charge by club-wielding police kept demonstrators at bay.
At 35, Mr. Mohammed represents his own brand of globalization a worldwide diaspora of those seeking economic betterment, a journey that took him from his native Pakistan to the Netherlands, where he now lives and works.
Like him, many protesters were drawn to Genoa to decry what they call the widening gulf between rich and poor, multinational corporations running rife, the environment carelessly despoiled and workers' rights trampled.
The fighting which in addition to the protester's death injured several dozen demonstrators, police officers and at least a half-dozen journalists erupted almost simultaneously throughout the city.
Small groups of violent demonstrators sometimes dozens, sometimes hundreds broke away from a much larger main march to confront police on the edges of a six-square-mile restricted zone surrounding the summit sites, the so-called "red zone."
The protester's death occurred about half a mile due east of there, in an area near the railway station, where repeated clashes occurred. Eyewitnesses gave conflicting accounts that had him being beaten, run over or shot. Police in Italy are not equipped with rubber-coated or plastic bullets for crowd control, but they do use live ammunition, said police spokesman Mario Viola.
A sequence of Reuters news photos appeared to show the man, hooded and approaching a jeep of the carabinieri paramilitary police with a fire extinguisher lifted in his arms, and an officer inside pointing a gun in his direction. Subsequent pictures showed him prone on the ground, the body lying beneath the jeep.
Hours after the death, protesters created a makeshift shrine, heaping red flowering plants they uprooted from a nearby public garden. A piece of notebook paper, weighed down with a tear gas canister, was scrawled with the words, "Made in G8."
Only 300 yards from the meeting site, the protesters made their most determined bid of the day to breach a high steel-mesh security barricade, hurling themselves against it and managing to open a narrow gap in one layer of the double-layered fence.
But they were immediately driven back by a water cannon fired point-blank by police from the other side. Inside the red zone, officers scrambled to erect a set of secondary barriers, positioning a bus to block an alleyway in case protesters breached the perimeter fences.
White clouds of tear gas and black smoke from trash-can fires hovered over Genoa's old town as the fighting raged. Blue-uniformed riot police chased protesters, swinging clubs even at people who raised their hands.
In separate incidents, Associated Press Television news producer Sam Cole was clubbed by police, and AP photographer Jerome Delay suffered a fractured rib when a demonstrator hit him from behind with a metal bar.
The violence preceded days of tension, with the government deploying 20,000 police, paramilitary police and soldiers, and vowing to crack down on any violence. Tens of thousands of protesters had camped out at sites around the city, including a soccer stadium turned into a tent dormitory. Hundreds more arrived in Genoa as the mass marches began.
Italy refused entry to about 1,000 people before the three-day summit, authorities said. It also closed Christopher Columbus International Airport and train stations.
Police could not provide a firm total of protesters, but put it in the tens of thousands. Protest organizer Francesco Caruso estimated there were 100,000 demonstrators.

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