- The Washington Times - Friday, June 22, 2001

Blood test identifies new TB infections
LONDON — A new blood test to identify people recently infected with tuberculosis could help contain the highly contagious disease, scientists say.
Researchers at the Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine at the University of Oxford said the test is more convenient and provides quicker results and fewer false positives than the current TB skin test developed 100 years ago.
"The best available evidence points to it being more accurate than the skin test," said Dr. Ajit Lalvani, a specialist in infectious diseases at the British university.

AIDS orphans reported starving in South Africa
JOHANNESBURG — Children orphaned by AIDS in South Africa are starving and sick, unknown to their communities or abandoned by them, while others have turned to prostitution, according to a study released yesterday.
"In the east Rand (near Johannesburg), six children stayed alone for almost 18 months … at the stage they were discovered, they were almost dying and did not even want to go with the ambulance," researcher Lungi Mabude told a press briefing in Johannesburg.
"It is fairly common that children have been forced into prostitution to feed themselves and their families," said Irene Menell, a trustee of the Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund that commissioned the research into "child-headed households."

Nazi-era filmmaker visits Russian city
ST. PETERSBURG, Russia — Nazi-era propagandist Leni Riefenstahl said yesterday she does not regret her work but wishes people would show her more kindness.
The 98-year-old filmmaker and photographer is best known for the 1934 Nazi classic "Triumph of the Will," both reviled and renowned as the best propaganda film ever made.
Her visit to St. Petersburg came on the eve of the 60th anniversary of Hitlers invasion of the Soviet Union. Her films were to be screened at a documentary film festival.

Cuba says incursion by exiles quashed
HAVANA — Cuba has made public what it claims was the first armed incursion by U.S.-based opponents to President Fidel Castros communist government since President Bush took office.
With Mr. Castro looking on, an Interior Ministry researcher dropped the bombshell announcement on state television late Wednesday, saying three Miami-based members of anti-Castro commandos F4 and Alpha 66 toting Romanian-made AK-47 assault rifles, a U.S.-made M-3 rifle, pistols, ammunition and night-vision goggles were arrested by Cuban coast guard officers April 26 on the north coast of central Villa Clara province.
Gunfire was exchanged, the researcher said, but Cuban authorities ultimately detained the three on the nearby island Cayo Jutia.

China slaps 100% tariff on Japanese imports
BEIJING — China will place a 100 percent tariff on imports of Japanese vehicles, mobile phones and air conditioners in retaliation for Tokyos curbs on some Chinese farm exports, the official Xinhua news agency said yesterday.
Sixty categories of Japanese imports, including cars, trucks and sport utility vehicles, will be hit by the punitive tariff, which takes effect today, Xinhua said. China imported about 47,000 such vehicles from Japan last year.
Japan in April imposed temporary tariffs on imported Chinese stone leeks, shiitake mushrooms and rushes used to make tatami mats after Japanese producers complained cheap imports were driving down prices. Those restrictions will expire Nov. 8.

Mayors Africa joke embarrasses Toronto
TORONTO — Toronto was cringing in embarrassment yesterday after news its flamboyant mayor had joked — before a trip to Africa to promote the citys bid for the 2008 Olympic Summer Games — that he feared being put into a vat of boiling water while natives danced around him.
Mel Lastman, an outspoken mayor with a history of gaffes, apologized profusely for his comments, but newspapers said yesterday his remarks could jeopardize Torontos efforts to win the Games.

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