- The Washington Times - Thursday, March 15, 2001

NEW YORK The prospect of a global economic slowdown shook Wall Street yesterday, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average closing below the key 10,000 mark and the blue-chip index set up for its worst week in more than 13 years.
The Dow, which plunged 317 points, had not closed under 10,000 since Oct. 18.
The fears striking U.S. markets matched those on exchanges in Europe and Asia that slowing economies will continue to hurt corporate profits and, in turn, stock prices.
"Anyway you put it, this is bad," said Gary Kaltbaum, a technical analyst for First Union Securities. "You are in the vicious cycle now.
"It's a combination of Japan and Europe getting slaughtered, and the 'throw in the towel' mentality here," Mr. Kaltbaum said. "I do not know where it ends."
Although sellers recently have dominated the U.S. stock market, believing that poor earnings and the weakening economy in this country won't recover in the near future, the prospect of economic crises in other countries, especially Japan, unnerved investors around the globe.
"You put all that together and this is more than the market [here] could take," said Charles Pradilla, chief investment strategist at SG Cowen Securities.
The decline took the Dow to 9,973. The index recovered some ground after an earlier, 395-point slide. But the losses easily wiped out Tuesday's 82-point advance and compounded Monday's 436-point drop.
Yesterday's session brought a litany of other bad news for the stock market's best-known barometer:
Already down about 6.5 percent this week, the Dow is poised to have its worst week in terms of a percentage decline since 1987, when it fell 7.5 percent the week ended Dec. 4.
So far this week, the Dow has lost 671.16, the second-largest weekly point drop. The most the Dow ever has lost in one week was nearly a year ago, when it fell 805.71 the week of April 14.
Broader market indicators also skidded. The Nasdaq Composite Index fell 43 points to 1,972, while the Standard & Poor's 500 index tumbled 31 to 1,167.
The decline began as soon as the market opened with the Dow plunging more than 300 points in a matter of minutes.
Investors, already struggling with a bleak outlook for U.S. corporate profits, were shaken further by news from Japan on Tuesday, when the government admitted that the world's second-biggest economy is in a state of deflation. For months, Japan has downplayed the possibility of deflation, an economic situation that can lead to recession.
The newest fear on Wall Street is that Japan's economic problems will cut into demand in that country for U.S. goods and services leading to a further drop in American stock prices.
"The reaction to word that Japan is in a pretty tough spot is perhaps the prevailing issue driving the market down today," said Charles G. Crain, strategist for Spears, Benzak, Salomon & Farrell, a division of Key Asset Management in New York.
U.S. financial stocks suffered after 19 Japanese banks were placed on "negative watch" by an international rating agency. Uncertain how exposed American banks are to Japan's crisis, investors drove J.P. Morgan Chase down $3.65 to $43.75 and Citibank down $3.49 to $44.90. Both are Dow components.
Some tech companies, which have suffered the most from the U.S. economic slowdown, already have said business has suffered from declining demand abroad, particularly in Asia.
Cisco Systems Chief Executive John T. Chambers, for example, told investors at Tuesday's Merrill Lynch Global Communications Conference in New York that business is getting tougher in Asia. The world's biggest supplier of Internet-networking equipment, whose grim outlook issued late Friday helped spur Monday's big sell-off, tumbled $1.13 yesterday to close at $20.25.
Japan's Nikkei stock average closed up 0.2 percent yesterday after falling to a 16-year low Tuesday. Japan's economic problems were significant enough to turn investors' attention away from bleak profit outlooks for U.S. companies, which have propelled stocks downward since late last year.
"The earnings worries are sort of institutionalized now," Mr. Crain said.
Stocks fell hard in Europe to 16-month lows. The biggest losses came from technology and telecommunications stocks, which recoiled on the Nasdaq's instability.
Germany's DAX index tumbled 2.8 percent, Britain's FT-SE 100 dropped 1.7 percent and France's CAC-40 fell 1.4 percent.
Reports of weaker economies abroad dashed Wall Street's hopes that the American market had bottomed out Monday and that Tuesday's modest gains could be the start of a rebound or even a short-term rally.
Though the Federal Reserve has lowered interest rates twice this year and is widely expected to push rates lower again Tuesday, the central bank's actions are not being viewed as aggressive enough to lift the economy out of its slump.
Investors, who had thought business would pick up in the second half of the year, now are afraid earnings and the economy will remain in a slump all year.
"A lot of this reporting about being in a bear market has started to seep through," said Mr. Pradilla, the strategist for SG Cowen.
Declining issues outnumbered advancers more than 3 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume was 1.10 billion, compared with 1.06 billion at the same point Tuesday.
The Russell 2000 index, which tracks the performance of smaller company stocks, dropped 9 points to 454.


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