- The Washington Times - Tuesday, November 20, 2001

Federal, state and local law enforcement agencies reported 8,063 bias-motivated criminal incidents known as "hate crimes" to the FBI last year. The majority of them were related to racial bias.
According to a report released yesterday by the FBI, 53.8 percent of the incidents were motivated by racial bias, 18.3 percent by religious bias, 16.1 percent by sexual-orientation bias, 11.3 percent by ethnicity/national origin bias, and 0.5 percent against those with disabilities.
Nineteen hate crime victims were murdered as a result of their killers' prejudice. Ten of these homicides involved racial bias; six were attributed to a bias against an ethnicity or national origin; two more were driven by bias against a sexual orientation and one resulted from a religious bias. There were eight victims of incidents involving multiple biases in 2000.
California led the nation with the most reported hate crimes during 2000, with 1,943 incidents. It was followed by New Jersey with 652; New York with 608; Massachusetts with 458 and Michigan with 425.
Virginia law enforcement authorities reported 325 hate crime incidents last year, including 239 that were racially motivated, 29 motivated by religion, 27 by sexual orientation, 24 by ethnicity and six by disability.
Maryland reported 217 incidents; 147 for racial bias; 43 for religious bias; 18 by sexual orientation; seven by ethnicity and two by disability.
The District had five incidents, two for racial bias, two for sexual orientation and one for ethnicity.
The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program said that as in previous years, intimidation continued to be the most often reported hate crime offense during 2000, accounting for 34.9 percent of all measured offenses and 53.7 percent of total crimes against persons.
The UCR report said destruction or vandalism to property was the most frequently reported crime against property, comprising 29.3 percent of the total offenses and 85.3 percent of total crimes against property.
Under UCR definitions, a victim may be either a person, a business, an institution or society as a whole. Of the identified hate crime offenses, the FBI said 7,745 were committed against individuals; 6,130 targeted persons and 1,615 targeted their property. Businesses, religious organizations and various other institutions were the targets of 1,685 of the reported offenses.
The UCR report noted that of the 7,530 known offenders, 4,847 were white, 1,411 were black, and the remainder were other races (157) or of unknown race (729). Multiracial groups groups of offenders of varying races accounted for 386 offenders.
According to the report, the majority of hate crime incidents (32.1 percent) occurred in or on residential properties. Highways, roads, alleys or streets were the settings for 17.9 percent of the reported incidents, and 11.4 percent took place at schools and colleges. The remaining incidents were distributed among various locations.
Law enforcement agencies in 48 states and the District of Columbia participated in the Hate Crime Data Collection Program during 2000.


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