- The Washington Times - Saturday, October 13, 2001

Excerpts of editorials from newspapers around the world:
The Star
Isolating terror by diplomacy
JOHANNESBURG The attacks on targets in Afghanistan since Sunday night by American and British forces have two clear objectives to punish the Taliban regime for refusing to hand over Osama bin Laden and seek retribution for the terrorist atrocities in the United States.
But what's next? [President] Bush and especially his Secretary of State, Colin Powell, must be given credit for trying to build a "moral" alliance among virtually all the member states of the United Nations appalled by the Sept. 11 outrage. Mr. Bush was expected to come out guns blazing, but instead launched a diplomatic offensive which may point to the solution and resolution of this global crisis.
South Africa's Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu probably expressed it best when he said at the weekend that the United States needed to realize that "true security will never come from the barrel of a gun." We agree with this view that retaliatory action should not deepen resentment and generate a conflict which sees the West pitted against the Muslim world. This would play into the hands of fanatics like bin Laden.

La Repubblica
Italy's diminishing role
ROME So Italy has discovered it counts very little. Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was not one of the leaders personally notified by [President] Bush on the eve of the attacks against Afghanistan.
Every nation's importance will be classified in terms of its role either as a resource in the war against terrorism, or as part of the problem.
If Italy is not able to stake out its claim it won't be able to protect its national interests.
The loss of prestige doesn't just date from after the Sept. 11 attacks or Mr. Berlusconi's subsequent gaffe on the superiority of Western civilization over Islam.
Italy's decline has structural origins. During the Cold War, because of Italy's geographic position bordering the Iron Curtain buffer state Yugoslavia it was considered a modest resource. But because of its Communist Party, the largest in the West, it was regarded as a problem. The West's Cold War victory meant defeat for Italy in terms of geopolitical importance no longer a problem but also not a resource.

Le Monde
The need for Muslims remains
PARIS It is understood: Islam does not have a sole spokesman. One of the world's three great monotheistic religions, with a billion followers, it has many schools and interpreters. So we could not have expected an authorized comment on the call for jihad. Sunday by Osama bin Laden and his spokesman.
Considering what we know about its author, it was nothing more nor less than a call for indiscriminate violence racist violence, contrary to all the traditions of Islam.
But we are still waiting for condemnations, public and unequivocal, from the most official Muslim religious authorities. We have hardly heard from the great Muslim intellectuals either. Too uncertain of their legitimacy, the Arab regimes have remained silent also.
The Muslim world is uncomfortable with "Enduring Freedom." Regimes feel threatened, opinions misunderstood. In the face of this dangerous situation, [British Prime Minister] Tony Blair repeated insistently [on the Al-Jazeera television] that the West is not against Islam. And that we must not fall into the trap set by bin Laden, that of a war of civilizations.

Folha de Sao Paulo
An answer to terrorism
SAO PAULO, Brazil An answer to the hideous action that killed over [5,000] innocent people was necessary to make clear that terrorism is not tolerated under any circumstances. Having assembled an unprecedented international anti-terror network, Washington should avoid the loss of innocent lives, but it is still early to know if strikes have hit only militia targets.
It is time now for the United Nations to take an active role in the episode. It represents the multilateral level capable of bestowing the highest degree of legitimacy to the United States' and its allies' actions and of condemning eventual abusive acts.

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