- The Washington Times - Thursday, October 25, 2001

World upside down
Former Israeli Ambassador Zalman Shoval returned to Washington this week to a world "turned upside down" by the terrorist attacks against the United States.
Over coffee with editors and reporters at The Washington Times, he remarked on "how much the country has changed" since suicide terrorists struck the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and anthrax began showing up in the mail.
"The world has turned upside down. Some say it's going to be completely different," he said, noting that Americans' sense of security has been shaken by the attacks. However, Mr. Shoval remains optimistic.
"I have great confidence in the American people. I believe the American people will overcome," he said.
Mr. Shoval, now a foreign policy adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, held top-level meetings at the National Security Council and the State Department earlier this week. He also plans to meet with congressional leaders.
"This war against terrorism is a war for all of us," he said. "It is a war for a way of life. [The terrorists] are looking for annihilation. This is not a war between civilizations but between civilization and nihilism."
Mr. Shoval served two terms as ambassador to the United States, first from 1990 to 1993 and then from 1998 until January 2000.

No entry from Canada
Canadian Foreign Minister John Manley yesterday insisted that none of the terrorists responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks entered the United States from Canada, as he called on Washington to streamline border crossings for frequent travelers.
"There is no information existing that indicates that any of the individuals entered the United States from Canada," Mr. Manley told reporters after a White House meeting with Tom Ridge, the homeland security director.
"Until the final story is written, you can never say this as an absolute certainty … but there is, at this point, no information that any entered from Canada."
The United States has been concerned about Canadian border security since an Algerian, Ahmed Ressam, was arrested in a car full of explosives in December 1999. He was convicted of planning to bomb Los Angeles International Airport during the 2000 New Year's celebrations.

Algerian visit
Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, whose country has suffered a decade of Islamic terrorism, will visit President Bush early next month.
The Algerian Embassy said the meeting is tentatively scheduled for Nov. 4.
Even before the Sept. 11 attacks, Mr. Bouteflika recognized that Algeria and the United States "have a common problem" in the fight against terrorism, as he told The Washington Times on a Washington visit in July.

Meeting in Indonesia
Ralph Boyce, the new U.S. ambassador to Indonesia, presented his diplomatic credentials yesterday to Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri.
Mr. Boyce, a former deputy assistant secretary of state for East Asia and Pacific affairs, met Mrs. Megawati for about an hour and made no comment to reporters as he left the presidential palace.
He replaces Robert Gelbard as ambassador to the world's most populous Muslim nation, the scene of several violent student protests against the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan.
In other diplomatic developments, President Bush has sent the Senate three ambassadorial nominations.
They include Melvin Sembler, a former Republican Party finance chairman, to be ambassador to Italy. Mr. Bush also wants ambassadorial status for Robert Beecroft, a career diplomat, during his service as head of the mission to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and for Charles Pritchard, the special envoy for Korean peace talks.
National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice appointed Ambassador John B. Craig as a special assistant to the president and senior director for combating terrorism.
Mr. Craig served as ambassador to Oman from 1998 until earlier this year. He is also a former director of Arabian Peninsula Affairs at the State Department and has served as deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassies in Syria and Colombia.

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