- The Washington Times - Thursday, September 27, 2001

Runner's high set off by chemical
PARIS The uplifting mood that comes from strenuous exercise may be caused by a compound released into the blood called phenylacetic acid, doctors suggested yesterday.
Scientists from Nottingham Trent University in Britain asked 20 healthy young men to undergo four hours of moderate to hard exercise every week. The harder the workout was rated by a volunteer, the higher the rise in this compound.
Phenylacetic acid is a byproduct of phenylethylamine a substance that is known to have an antidepressant effect.
The study is published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

U.N. supports Macedonia force
NEW YORK The U.N. Security Council yesterday backed a reduced German-led NATO security force in Macedonia, although deployment may be delayed after the former Yugoslav republic raised last-minute objections on the size and duration of the contingents.
In a resolution adopted unanimously, the 15-member council said it "strongly supports" the "establishment of a multinational security presence" Macedonia requested.
It also endorsed efforts of international organizations helping to implement a fragile Macedonian peace accord.
The compromise text falls short of a direct authorization.
The United States and Britain believe the council should not set a precedent in having U.N. mandates for NATO activities, diplomats said.

Village clamps down on Mao worship
SHANGHAI Authorities in Mao Tse-tung's hometown are cracking down on the worship of China's communist founder as a religious figure, a local official said.
Several temples where villagers were praying to Mao have been closed in Shaoshan, in the central province of Hunan, said the official.
Altars in the temples held photos of Mao or statues, one more than 3 feet high, the official said.
Thousands of items have been seized from stores and roadside souvenir stands that depict Mao, who died in 1976, as a halo-crowned Buddhist saint or a Chinese folk god bestowing wealth, he said.

Zimbabwe court to rule on land
HARARE, Zimbabwe Zimbabwe's Supreme Court reserved judgment yesterday on a government application to proceed with its drive to seize white-owned farms for redistribution to landless blacks.
An attorney for the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU), which groups some 4,500 mainly white farmers, has told the court that attempts to discuss land distribution with government officials have failed.
The government appealed a Supreme Court order in December that effectively declared unlawful President Robert Mugabe's drive to seize white-owned land without paying compensation. Mr. Mugabe's government also was given until July this year to evict its supporters from hundreds of farms they had invaded.

Senior leader of Tamil Tigers killed
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger guerrillas yesterday accused the army of assassinating one of their senior leaders in a commando strike deep behind rebel lines.
The army immediately denied responsibility for the killing, which the rebels condemned as provocative, raising fears it could trigger a retaliatory strike.
A rebel statement described the slain guerrilla as Shankar, a self-styled colonel of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and a close confidant of the group's reclusive leader, Velupillai Prabhakaran.
The army also had denied previous rebel accusations of covert commando operations, the most significant of which followed a mine attack on the convoy of the LTTE's political wing leader S.P. Thamilchevam earlier this year.

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