- The Washington Times - Friday, December 6, 2002

NEW YORK Iraq has pledged that tomorrow it will hand the United Nations a dossier detailing all chemical, biological and nuclear programs and anything else related to weapons of mass destruction.
From what Iraqi officials have said thus far, the dossier will claim that everything is for peaceful uses only.
"Surely they know what is expected of them," said an envoy from one nation on the U.N. Security Council. "And they know what will happen if they don't take it seriously."
Nonetheless, the diplomat said:
"All this, 'we have no [weapons of mass destruction]' it makes me queasy to think they might try it."
U.N. inspectors, who have been in Baghdad for the past week and a half, took the day off yesterday and are taking it easy again today, an Iraqi holiday to end the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
The Nov. 8 U.N. resolution that sent weapons inspectors back to Baghdad for the first time in four years sets a Sunday deadline for Iraq to make an "accurate, full and complete" declaration of its deadly weapons. Iraq says it will deliver its declaration one day early.
Failure to do so, the resolution says, would constitute a "material breach" of U.N. resolutions and lead to "serious consequences" a diplomatic euphemism for war.
None of the Iraqi documents is likely to be made public anytime soon, a U.N. official said. "We will treat this as a highly confidential submission."
Even so, speculation over what Iraq will reveal has been feverish.
"In the past, the Iraqi side has submitted the narrative in English, but all the annexes and supporting documents were in Arabic," said one U.N. staffer familiar with earlier filings from Baghdad.
Diplomats anticipate a mountain of paper. One estimate predicts 7,000 pages, a pile 2 feet thick.
In theory, nearly everything Baghdad has purchased from foreign suppliers from ignition switches to computer discs to chlorine has already been approved by technical specialists from the 15 nations on the Security Council.
The U.N. Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (Unmovic) has a whole division devoted to reconciling Iraqi imports with other nations' exports.
Beyond the existing paper trail, the Bush administration is looking for Iraq to disclose specific items to match U.S. intelligence on Baghdad's hidden weapons.
Though the information is closely guarded, one piece of U.S. intelligence involves a stash of 1,800 gallons of anthrax, The Washington Times reported in yesterday's editions.
Tomorrow, they will be well-rested to receive the dossier from the Iraqis. It will be placed on the regular U.N. Sunday-morning flight to Cyprus. From there, it will be placed on an afternoon flight to New York.
At some point, perhaps Sunday night, Unmovic chief Hans Blix will formally receive the dossier, and on Monday morning, pass it to Alfonso Valdiviezo, ambassador from Colombia, which holds the rotating Security Council presidency this month.
Diplomats said this week they expect the declaration to contain details of "dual-use items" programs in which material has both civilian and military uses.
A fermentation chamber, for example, can be used to brew beer or to grow deadly microbes.
One of the most vexing items on lists of Iraqi imports has traditionally been chlorine.
The chemical that makes water safe to drink is also a powerful precursor to nerve gas.
Nicholas Kralev contributed to this report in Washington.


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