- The Washington Times - Thursday, January 17, 2002

The Pentagon wants an emergency infusion of nearly $20 billion to continue fighting the war on terrorism and to make a down payment on weapons systems that the Afghanistan campaign has shown will be needed in future wars.
The White House, however, does not want to exceed a $10 billion cap for the second supplemental budget to fight terrorists, defense officials say. President Bush is expected to submit the emergency bill to Congress in late February. He may issue a veto threat if lawmakers attempt to pad spending with home-state projects.
The proposals would be in addition to the emergency appropriations bill of $40 billion approved by Congress shortly after the September 11 attacks. The Pentagon received half that amount to wage war in Afghanistan and conduct preliminary operations in other parts of the world.
The second defense emergency bill will come in the same month that Mr. Bush presents his first five-year defense budget, beginning with fiscal year 2003, which starts Oct. 1. The president is expected to ask for an increase of about $20 billion over this year's arms spending of $329 billion.
The 2003 budget, which the Pentagon submitted to the White House budget office two weeks ago, is remarkable for what it does not cut, defense sources say. Mr. Bush campaigned for president on an issue of transforming the military. He suggested now was the time to scrap some weapons systems in development in favor of more futuristic ones.
But sources say the five-year plan does not, at this point, cancel any major weapon. Two major tactical programs the Air Force F-22 Raptor stealth fighter and the tri-service Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) are funded at full levels. Officials say the military's uniformed leaders have made persuasive arguments that an aging fleet of Air Force and Navy fighters needs to be replaced by more advanced, radar-evading aircraft.
The impending emergency funding bill will reflect "lessons learned" from the Afghanistan campaign for fighting future fronts in the open-ended war on terrorism. The Pentagon believes it needs around $6 billion to improve intelligence collection through several classified programs. It wants more than $3 billion for command and control equipment to better communicate down and up the chain of command, as well as nearly $2 billion to rebuild inventories of precision-guided munitions (PGMs).
Munitions such as the satellite-guided Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) and laser-guided bomb kits were used in large numbers in Afghanistan.
The Pentagon is buying more JDAMs with the first emergency spending bill.
The second bill would purchase conventional air-launched cruise missiles, the Joint Stand-Off Weapon, Tomahawk cruise missiles and other systems.
Defense officials said the next emergency bill and the five-year budget will reflect some key lessons from Afghanistan:
Land forces at sea. The United States lacked multipurpose basing rights in countries bordering Afghanistan. Some Army special-operations forces were based on the carrier USS Kitty Hawk and had to be ferried long distances via helicopter for insertion in Afghanistan. The Navy plans to look at fielding more helicopter platforms for this purpose.
Precision strike from sea. The United States needs to develop a precision-guided gun system that can hit targets from the sea.
Long-range strike. Mr. Bush, in outlining his defense thinking in 1999 at The Citadel, said the military "must be able to strike from across the world with pinpoint accuracy with long-range aircraft."
In Afghanistan, long-range heavy bombers, once thought to be relics of the Cold War, reasserted themselves. With no basing rights for Air Force fighters, the service's B-52 and B-1B bombers dropped the bulk of munitions.
Plus, the development of independently targeted and dropped JDAMs meant the bombers carried out tactical as well as strategic missions, even doing close-air support.
Pentagon civilians argued internally that if the Air Force needed a new long-distance bomber, it should restart the B-2 stealth bomber line as opposed to developing a whole new plane this decade.
But Air Force Secretary James C. Roche was vehemently opposed and apparently won the argument. There is no budget money to restart the B-2 assembly line, officials said. Mr. Roche and Pete Aldridge, undersecretary of defense for acquisition, are said to support development of a new high-speed bomber that could travel 1,500 miles without refueling.
Also in the mix are more unmanned aerial vehicles that would both spy and deliver ordnance on the enemy.

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