- The Washington Times - Sunday, January 20, 2002

GOMA, Congo Bright red lava shot into the air from what appeared to be a new volcanic cone in eastern Congo yesterday, sending a new wave of molten rock into the devastated center of Goma, slicing the city in half, killing at least 40 persons and forcing hundreds of thousands from their homes.
Residents cut off from escape surrounded the visiting rebel leader who controls the city yesterday, pointing to their stomachs and begging for food.
As seen from a Rwandan Air Force helicopter, a small black cone was forming in what had been a banana grove on Congo's border with Rwanda. The new lava source was spewing to the southwest, covering one-third of the runway at Goma's airport and destroying the city's Roman Catholic cathedral.
A second lava flow also poured from a fissure at the base of the erupting Mount Nyiragongo, six miles west of the new cone and 12 miles north of the city.
There are eight volcanoes in eastern Congo and Rwanda, but only two are active. They have developed several new craters over the years.
More than 300,000 people have fled Goma into neighboring Gisenyi, Rwanda, where they have been living on the streets, sheltering at night under shop porches.
An estimated 180,000 more people remained marooned by the lava on the other side of the divided city without drinking water or electricity, said Adolphe Onusumba, the leader of the Rwandan-backed Congolese rebel group that controls Goma and who visited the stranded people by helicopter.
"People are beginning to return, but they are complaining of no food, no water. They are hungry," Mr. Onusumba said. He said 85 percent of the central business district had been destroyed, including warehouses holding food supplies.
Like two spokes extending from Mount Nyiragongo, lava flows 160 feet wide and up to 10 feet deep in places plowed through the city. Mr. Onusumba said 10,000 homes, or 40 percent of the city, had been destroyed. One of the lava flows created a 330-foot-wide delta as it poured into Lake Kivu, producing a huge cloud of sulfuric steam.

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