- The Washington Times - Sunday, January 20, 2002

From combined dispatches
KABUL, Afghanistan The U.S.-led coalition pressed its crackdown on the al Qaeda network yesterday with the arrests of suspected terrorists in Afghanistan, Spain, Britain, Malaysia and Indonesia.
U.S. Marines also took flights out of Afghanistan yesterday after handing over to the Army the military base they set up in the Taliban heartland. The Army's 101st Airborne Division took control of the base as the focus of international operations shifts from routing the ousted ruling Taliban militia and the al Qaeda terror network to rebuilding this country, shattered after nearly 23 years of war.
Afghan officials geared up for a critical conference in Tokyo, where they hope to raise $5 billion for their nearly bankrupt country.
Police confirmed yesterday that Afghan security forces captured six unarmed al Qaeda members and their driver in Kabul, the first arrests of Osama bin Laden followers in the capital. Meanwhile, Malaysian police detained without hearings seven persons believed to be linked to the terrorist network, Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi said in Kuala Lumpur.
The arrests followed less than a month after the detention of 15 persons with suspected ties to Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen on trial in the United States for his suspected role in the September 11 attacks on New York and the Pentagon.
Two more suspected al Qaeda members were arrested near the northeastern Spanish city of Barcelona, raising concern that Spain could be home to "sleeper cells."
British police obtained an extension to detain longer nine of the 17 persons netted during the week in an anti-terrorist operation. Three others were held by immigration services, one was released and the status of four is unknown.
French authorities found evidence that accused "shoe bomber" Richard C. Reid had support in France and elsewhere in Europe, said a source close to the probe.
Investigators seized hard drives in a Paris cyber-cafe frequented by Mr. Reid shortly before the Dec. 22 Paris-Miami flight that U.S. officials say Mr. Reid boarded with explosives in his shoes.
Investigators retrieved e-mails that had been sent all across Europe, as well as a will, written in a "rambling" style.
Egyptian officials were holding talks in Cairo with FBI Director Robert Mueller. Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was scheduled to arrive today.
Meanwhile, Afghan leader Hamid Karzai was in Saudi Arabia at the start of a crucial foreign trip to raise money for an interim administration which is down to its last $10 million.
He was meeting in Riyadh with King Fahd and Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz before heading off to a Tokyo conference and then talks with Chinese and U.S. leaders. The Tokyo meeting will bring together delegates from 54 countries and 18 international agencies.
The World Bank, the United Nations Development Program and the Asian Development Bank estimate that rebuilding Afghanistan will require $1.7 billion in the coming year and $4.9 billion over 30 months.
Sadako Ogata, co-chairman of the two-day conference opening tomorrow, said the meeting should meet the $5 billion target.
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, who arrived in Tokyo yesterday, remained tight-lipped about Washington's planned contribution. A senior U.S. official would say only that it would be "significant and substantial."
Meanwhile, family members of one of five terror suspects identified by the FBI on a videotape said he has been suffering from mental problems.
The state-controlled Saudi newspaper Al-Watan quoted family members of Khalid Ibn Muhammad al-Juhani, a Saudi national, as saying he got involved in the Afghan civil war in 1992 at the age of 18 and fought for three years before returning to Saudi Arabia.
"He was described then as suffering from mental problems believed to be the result of pressure he faced during the war," an unidentified relative told the newspaper.
The family said Mr. Al-Juhani returned to Afghanistan in 1996.
Mr. Al-Juhani was one of five suspects shown on a video tape and photos released by the FBI last week as part of a public appeal for help in tracking down terrorists.

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