- The Washington Times - Monday, January 21, 2002

Cold War remembered
The Cold War, for the West, was about spies and wars in faraway places like Korea. For citizens of Eastern Europe, it was about domination by the Soviet Union and its communist puppet governments.
As Slovak Ambassador Martin Butora remembers: "We had been living under criminal regimes, killing, arresting and harassing millions of their opponents. For four decades, we were excluded from a community of decent states."
Mr. Butora praised the United States for its fight against communism when he hosted a reception last week to honor the Cold War Museum Project.
He said the oppressed citizens of Eastern Europe admired the United States, as "we watched one American president after another cope with the Soviet threat sometimes with hope, sometimes with despair, like during the [anti-communist] Hungarian revolution in 1956 and we were pleased whenever and wherever the emphasis on moral values and human rights in foreign policy prevailed."
More than 10 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, "the legacy of the Cold War has not totally disappeared," he said.
"There are still communist regimes in the world bluntly disdaining human rights," he added. "There are former Soviet republics that do not have poor track records in respect to human rights [but] many other of those regimes have been waging a sort of cold war against their citizens."
Mr. Butora praised the organizers of the Cold War Museum for their efforts to help future generations "to remember Cold War events and personalities [and] to promote education, preservation and research on the global ideological and political confrontations between East and West from the end of World War II to the dissolution of the Soviet Union."
The museum project is supported by the embassies of the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania. The founder is Francis Gary Powers Jr., the son of the U2 spy plane pilot shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960.
The museum is affiliated with the Smithsonian Institution and housed in temporary quarters at Fort Meade in Maryland and in the Freedom Museum in Manassas.

Visit to a Gypsy village
The U.S. ambassador to Slovakia called for economic development and education programs for Gypsies when he visited a Gypsy village for talks with local officials.
Ambassador Ronald Weiser met the mayors of Svinia and other nearby villages on his visit last week.
Gypsies, known as Romanies in Slovakia, suffer from chronic unemployment, a lack of education and widespread drug addition, according to Slovak news reports.
Mr. Weiser called on the government to direct foreign investment to the Gypsy villages and to provide schooling. "Jobs for the community can become a reality only after they get the necessary education," he said.

Diplomatic traffic
Foreign visitors in Washington this week include:
Today
Ali Kerimli and Asim Mollazade, two leading members of the parliament of Azerbaijan. They will meet members of Congress and administration officials and speak at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the National Democratic Institute, the International Republican Institute and the Carnegie Endowment.
Tomorrow
Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus, who meets President Bush on Wednesday.
Wednesday
Ecuadorian Foreign Minister Heinz Moeller, who meets Otto Reich, assistant secretary of state for Latin American affairs; Commerce Secretary Donald L. Evans; members of Congress; and officials at the National Security Council, U.S. Agency for International Development and the White House drug office.
Lee Hoi-Chang, president of South Korea's Grand National Party, who addresses the American Enterprise Institute and the Heritage Foundation.
Thursday
Pavel Podvig of Russia's Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies. He addresses invited guests at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty about the case of Igor Sutyagin, a Russian arms-control expert charged with treason.


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