- The Washington Times - Thursday, January 3, 2002

Crocker to Kabul
Veteran diplomat Ryan C. Crocker will leave early next week to take charge of the newly opened U.S. Embassy in the Afghan capital, Kabul, the State Department said yesterday.
Meanwhile, talk in diplomatic circles is that Haroun Amin, the Washington spokesman for the Afghan Northern Alliance, will be named the ambassador to the United States. The interim government in Kabul, headed by Hamid Karzai, could announce his appointment this week.
Mr. Crocker, as the new charge d'affaires, is not necessarily in line to become the first U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan since the embassy closed in 1989, said State Department spokesman Richard Boucher.
"That's a White House matter," he said.
Mr. Crocker, the principal deputy assistant secretary for Near East affairs, was ambassador to Kuwait from 1994 to 1997 and to Lebanon from 1990 to 1993.
He also has served in Egypt, Iran, Iraq and Qatar.

Terrorists' failure
German Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger said he believes the terrorists who struck the United States failed in their effort to inflict fear and instability on the civilized world, which rallied instead to track down the killers.
"The year 2001 will remain forever marked by the events of September 11, but the attacks did not achieve their intended goal. The international community has been united in rejecting the terrorists and their sympathizers," he said in a New Year's message.
Mr. Ischinger said he hopes the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, and the international campaign against terrorism, will lead to a world characterized by "cooperation, solidarity and multilateralism."
"As terrible as the tragedy of September 11 is, the fight against terrorism, nevertheless, offers a chance to summon all the forces in support of tolerance and against hate, for a just and peaceful world," he said in his message posted on the German Embassy's Web site.
"The future belongs to responsible governance for one world, governance not based on hegemonial claims, but on cooperation, solidarity and multilateralism.
"If together we succeed in implementing such a policy, we will not just ultimately win the war against terrorism, but will also be able to permanently eradicate its roots."
Mr. Ischinger said Germany's offer to send troops to Afghanistan marks the first time since World War II that the country was willing to dispatch soldiers outside Europe.
He said President Bush "expressed gratitude" to German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and said Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, on a visit to Berlin, said, "We have no better friend in the world than Germany."

Turkey, trade and Iraq
Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit will urge President Bush to reduce tariffs on Turkish exports and caution him against a war in Iraq when he visits Washington in two weeks.
Mr. Ecevit, previewing his Jan. 16 White House meeting, told the NTV Turkish television station over the weekend that he will press Mr. Bush to treat Turkish exports the same as those from the European Union.
"The U.S. provides certain economic advantages to EU members. These should be provided to Turkey, as well," he said. "I hope the American administration understands it. It will be our No. 1 issue."
Mr. Ecevit also said he will express Turkey's fear that any uprising the United States might encourage in the Kurdish north of Iraq also could incite Kurdish rebels in neighboring Turkey.
Some conservatives are urging the Bush administration to overthrow Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein as a next step in the war against terrorism.
Gen. Huseyin Kivrikoglu, chief of staff of the Turkish military, has predicted that a war in Iraq would cause Turkey "great adversity."
"An intervention in Iraq would divide this country, and the idea of establishing a Kurdish state in northern Iraq greatly disturbs Turkey," he said yesterday.
Turkey's leading business organization also has warned that a war in Iraq would do more damage to Turkey's ailing economy.
"In a time where Turkey needs to export more, an operation like this would really unsettle Turkey economically," said Tuncay Ozilhan, chairman of the Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association.


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