- The Washington Times - Sunday, July 7, 2002

ANNAPOLIS JUNCTION, Md. Raymond Moran spent nearly 52 years wondering how his outnumbered Army unit in South Korea was able to hold off North Korean troops around the southern coastal city of Pusan.
A recent trip to the National Cryptologic Museum gave the 73-year-old veteran his answer.
"I didn't know about all the great intelligence and what they used to get it," Mr. Moran said. "The intelligence people provided us information to set up defenses at the right places. They saved us at the Pusan perimeter."
The Fort Meade museum features equipment that has helped keep the United States and its allies a step ahead of adversaries. How spy technology and methods were used from the early 1800s through Vietnam is explained in more than two dozen exhibits.
The museum is funded by the National Security Agency located a few blocks away and is free to the public. Most of the volunteers who work there are former NSA employees, said Jack Ingram, the curator.
"People are routinely surprised at how nice the exhibits are, how much we have out and how good the docents are," he said. "Some people read every sign and look at every picture in the place and soak it all up. Everything here is impressive."
The espionage relics on display include the American "Purple" code system for cracking encrypted Japanese messages and the Navy Cryptanalytic Bombe used by the Navy's all-female Waves service to decipher German Enigma codes. Both systems were used during World War II.
Several Enigma machines are encased in glass displays with plaques explaining how they originated and evolved. The sophisticated machines which used thousands of permutations to try to fool Allied cryptologists allowed German U-boats to communicate with commanders in Berlin during their battle to control Atlantic shipping channels.

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