- The Washington Times - Saturday, November 9, 2002


The Pentagon is sending an estimated 1,000 more Americans to help track down al Qaeda members around the Horn of Africa, where the yearlong war on terrorism has produced few visible results so far.

Defense officials said Thursday that the amphibious command ship USS Mount Whitney to be used as a floating headquarters off the coast of Djibouti will leave its Norfolk home port Tuesday with Marines who will coordinate future military operations in the region.

"This is focused on looking for al Qaeda, looking for terrorist cells and dealing with them expeditiously, and directly," Marine Corps Commandant Gen. James Jones said.

The Mount Whitney has a Navy crew of some 560, and members of the 2nd Marine Division who will set up the command center in Djibouti probably will number about 400, officials said. It was not clear whether all those Marines would depart next week.

The Americans will join a multinational force of thousands already in Africa including some who have been trying to catch terrorists there since al Qaeda fighters began fleeing Afghanistan a year ago. There are 700 to 800 Americans at a French military base in Djibouti, deployed several months ago for what defense officials would describe only as "training and contingencies."

Countries and waterways in and around the Horn of Africa long have been beset by terrorist activity. Al Qaeda members and others hide, pass through, train, organize, ship weapons, plot and launch attacks there, according to U.S. intelligence and defense officials.

Defense officials have been unwilling or unable to name all the countries or the numbers of terrorists they believe may be there.

In addition to Americans already in Djibouti, there are more than 2,000 French troops and about 1,000 Germans, as well as a number of British forces. The international coalition has flown reconnaissance missions along the coast of East Africa.

A ship interdiction program started last year to catch al Qaeda fighters escaping by sea from Afghanistan has caught no one in the area, officials have said though they add that the questioning of crews on passing vessels has netted much valuable intelligence and that their understanding of what is going on in the region has improved.

Though there have been highly publicized arrests of terror suspects in Europe, North Africa, Pakistan and Asia, no success of that type has been made public concerning the Horn of Africa region, with the exception of Yemen.

Across the Red Sea and the Bab al-Mandab Strait from Djibouti, Yemen is a main concern in the region and said to be one of the highest priorities of the new Marine new task force.

Yemen is the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden and the site of the deadly October 2000 bombing of the USS Cole as well as last month's bombing of the French tanker Limburg. The Yemeni government says it has arrested hundreds of terror suspects and the CIA last week killed a suspect in the Cole and tanker attacks but the country has remained a dangerous terrorist haven despite joint efforts by its government and the international counterterror coalition.

The size of the terrorist problem in the region has never been clear. Officials no longer assert, for instance, there are terrorist training camps in Somalia, as feared after the attacks September 11, 2001, against the United States.

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