- The Washington Times - Friday, October 11, 2002

The Justice Department yesterday began proceedings to revoke the U.S. citizenship of an Ohio man for his suspected participation in the Nazi-sponsored persecution of Jews and other civilians during World War II.
A complaint filed in U.S. District Court in Cleveland accuses Jakob Miling, 78, a native of the former Yugoslavia, of serving from November 1942 until September 1944 as an armed guard in the SS Death's Head Battalions at the Gross-Rosen concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland and the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany.
The complaint said that at each of those camps, prisoners were compelled to work as slave laborers and that thousands were murdered or died from malnutrition, disease and exhaustion.
"Those who swore loyalty to Adolf Hitler and assisted in the Nazi campaign of terror against civilians do not deserve the privilege of U.S. citizenship," said Assistant Attorney General Michael Chertoff, who heads the department's criminal division.
According to the complaint, Mr. Miling began serving in the Waffen SS in November 1942, took an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler, and was promoted to the rank of SS-Rottenfuhrer [corporal] before the war ended. The complaint said he and other guards at Sachsenhausen manned machine guns in the camp's guard towers and had standing orders to shoot without warning any prisoner who entered the "path of death" adjacent to the camp's barbed-wire fence.
The prisoners at Sachsenhausen included Jews and political prisoners, as well as American and allied prisoners of war, the complaint said. The Gross-Rosen camp was described in the complaint as one of the most brutal camps in the Nazi concentration camp system.
"Gross Rosen was intended to be one of the most punitive camps, reserved for prisoners deemed by the Nazis to be incapable of 'rehabilitation,'" said Eli M. Rosenbaum, who heads the department's Office of Special Investigations (OSI), which brought the case against Mr. Miling. "During 1942, the year Miling arrived, the mortality rate there was appallingly high and the camp's population was maintained only by a steady stream of new arrivals."
The complaint said that after Mr. Miling's guard service ended, he served in the "Reichsfuhrer SS," an SS armored infantry division that fought Allied forces during the final months of the war.
Mr. Miling, according to the complaint, came to the United States as a visitor in 1964. He was granted permanent resident status in 1966, and was naturalized as a U.S. citizen in Cleveland in 1972. The government has accused him of lying on his application for citizenship and concealing his wartime service in Nazi organizations.
Since 1979, as the result of OSI investigations, 71 persons have been stripped of their U.S. citizenship and 57 have been removed from the country. Also, 165 suspected Nazi persecutors have been barred from entering the United States under OSI's "Watch List" border-control program.

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