- The Washington Times - Wednesday, October 16, 2002

Egypt resurrects library of ancient times
CAIRO Egypt has tightened security as it rolls out the red carpet for royals and presidents for today's opening of the library in Alexandria that will rise from the ashes of its ancient Bibliotheca.
"President Hosni Mubarak will declare the resurrection of Bibliotheca Alexandria 20 centuries after it disappeared during the time of the Roman Empire," the leading Al-Ahram daily reported.
"Special preparations have been made to provide security for the [nearly 800 foreign] prominent guests" to be taken from Cairo to Alexandria, 125 miles to the north, said Gen. Mohamed Salamah, airport security chief.
The library's inauguration initially was planned for April but was postponed because of almost-daily student demonstrations in support of the Palestinian uprising against Israel. Egypt wants it to reflect the spirit of the library, which held more than 700,000 cataloged volumes in its heyday in the centuries after Alexander the Great founded the city in 332 B.C.

Iran plans 16 camps along border with Iraq
TEHRAN Iran said yesterday it plans to set up 16 camps on its border with Iraq for refugees fleeing a potential war there, but vowed not to let them enter the country, state radio said.
Iran says it opposes any U.S. attack on Iraq and is watching with unease the situation across its western border. "We are ready to establish 16 camps along our border with Iraq, but the refugees would not be allowed to enter the cities," the radio quoted a senior Interior Ministry official as saying.
Iran's proposed refugee policy would mirror the one it adopted during the U.S.-led war in Afghanistan last year when it set up a pair of camps just inside Afghan territory to accommodate those fleeing the fighting.

Syria calls U.S. envoy over nuclear accusation
DAMASCUS, Syria The Foreign Ministry summoned U.S. Ambassador Theodore Kattouf this week to protest U.S. accusations of Syrian-Russian nuclear cooperation, the official news agency SANA said.
SANA said the Foreign Ministry demanded "an official explanation" about remarks last week by U.S. Undersecretary of State John Bolton that paired Syria and Iran as beneficiaries of Russian technology for nuclear and missile programs.
SANA said reports by the International Atomic Energy Agency "have demonstrated that the Syrian Nuclear Program is dedicated for peaceful purposes." In a statement Sunday criticizing Mr. Bolton's comments, the Foreign Ministry voiced "resentment" at U.S.-Israeli military cooperation and the U.S. silence toward Israel's nuclear program.
It accused Israel, which is reported to have up to 100 warheads, of "refusing to put its nuclear establishments under the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency" and being "the only country in the region that has nuclear weapons."

Weekly notes
U.S. Army Gen. Tommy Franks, commander of American forces in the Gulf region, was due in Amman, Jordan, yesterday for talks with top officials expected to focus on contingency plans for a potential U.S. war on Iraq. Jordanian officials said Gen. Franks, likely to lead any military action in Iraq, would meet with King Abdullah and senior army officials during his two-day visit. King Abdullah has denied U.S. media reports that Jordan would offer facilities for U.S. troops in a war against Iraqi. Saudi Arabia's Finance and National Economy Minister Ibrahim al-Assaf said yesterday in Moscow that Russia and Saudi Arabia "can do a lot to help block the financing of terror." He was in Moscow to discuss the prospects of Saudi Arabia investing in oil fields in eastern Siberia.


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