- The Washington Times - Saturday, October 19, 2002

Excerpts from editorials in newspapers around the world:

Asahi Shimbun

Carter's Nobel Peace Prize

TOKYO In awarding the prize to former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, the Norwegian Nobel Committee said it decided to honor "his decades of untiring efforts to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights and to promote economic and social development."

After last year's September 11 attacks in New York and Washington, hatred and conflicts have abounded in the world. Carter's winning the prize is all the more impressive under such circumstances.

At the news conference to make the announcement, Gunnar Berge, the committee chairman, said that the award should be understood as criticism of the position taken by the Bush administration in calling for possible military strikes against Iraq.

While he was president, Carter was criticized as weak-kneed in his policy toward the Soviet Union and the occupation of the American Embassy in Tehran. But his approach was to try to resolve problems by directly talking with other leaders. That such an approach was lauded by a prestigious body bears witness that his policy of attempting thoroughgoing dialogue is crucial in conducting world diplomacy.


Palestinian poverty

TEL AVIV The report submitted to the Cabinet on Sunday by Maj. Gen. Amos Gilead, the Israeli coordinator of activities in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, on the poverty prevailing among the Palestinian population should serve as a warning to Israel.

His description, which documents a tragedy in the making, should be taken here as the writing on the wall, because even though it is the Palestinians' tragedy, it is also ours. Their society is collapsing, but Israel's moral character is crumbling along with it. …

The coordinator's report demands … measures to make life easier for Palestinian civilians. … But Israel must also start preparing for far-reaching diplomatic steps … with the aim of ending … the intolerable situation in which millions of human beings languish under Israeli occupation.

The Herald

Fighting wars

GLASGOW, Scotland Never fight a war on two fronts. This most basic of military rules is now being challenged by George W. Bush, the U.S. president, and Tony Blair, the prime minister. Following the terrorist atrocity in Bali, in which at least 180 people were murdered, military action against Iraq remains firmly on the UK-U.S. agenda. Tackling [Iraqi leader] Saddam [Hussein], far from being a distraction from the global war on terrorism, is being presented as an essential part of it. This is a new type of war, according to Mr. Blair, different from those the world has known before. Before the rule book is rewritten, however, it is worth considering whether we are being asked to trade one set of old certainties for new, more dangerous, uncertainties. …

Terrorism is not a conventional foe. It respects no borders, no religion, no class, no creed, no color. Its armies dwell in the shadows, breaking cover only to hit a target and run. It is a modern scourge that simply cannot be dealt with by brute force alone. Cut off one of its heads and, like the hydra, two more shoot up in its place.

Steaming into Iraq, Iran, North Korea, or any other rogue nation will perpetuate anti-Western feeling and supply fresh recruits for the terrorist cause. In short, the strategy to secure global peace being advanced by the United States and Britain in fact raises the specter of endless war. Geographically, such a war would be impossible to prosecute. Economically, it would be disastrous. Morally, it would be little short of repugnant. …

Mr. Bush and Mr. Blair appear sincere in their desire to make the world a safer place, yet the way they intend to achieve this looks set to have the opposite effect. In their war, there can be no real winners, only losers to greater or lesser degrees.

Dagens Nyheter

Turkey and the EU

STOCKHOLM The EU must take up a clear-cut attitude: Turkey is welcome in Europe, when it lives up to the demands made in the U.N. Declaration on Human Rights, a document signed by Turkey. This means an end to arbitrary arrests, torture by police and trials where the charged may defend themselves in an acceptable way. The decision to abolish the death sentence was a step in the right direction. It must be followed by more.

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