- The Washington Times - Thursday, April 17, 2003

When a student asked Secretary of State Colin L. Powell about the 1973 military coup in Chile, the retired general turned diplomat made no secret of his deep misgivings about the U.S. role in that upheaval.
"It is not a part of American history that we're proud of," Mr. Powell said, quickly adding that reforms instituted since then make it unlikely that the policies of that time will be repeated.
The matter might have ended there had not Washington operative William D. Rogers taken notice of Mr. Powell's televised comment. Mr. Rogers served under Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1975-76 as the department's top official for Latin America and maintains a professional relationship with Mr. Kissinger.
In a highly unusual move, the State Department issued a statement that put distance between the department and its top official. The statement asserted that the U.S. government "did not instigate the coup that ended Allende's government in 1973."
Mr. Rogers was concerned that Mr. Powell's comment was reinforcing what he called "the legend" that the Chile coup was a creation of a Kissinger-led cabal working in league with Chilean military officers opposed to then-President Salvador Allende.
Mr. Rogers called the department legal office to point out that there was a pending lawsuit against the government involving the episode, and Mr. Powell's comment was not helpful.
"I also called Kissinger," said Mr. Rogers. "I talked to him about it. I wouldn't say he was upset. … I told Henry I think this is bad stuff. It doesn't help the U.S. legal position."
Rightly or wrongly, Mr. Kissinger has been linked to the coup in which Allende died under mysterious circumstances and Gen. Augusto Pinochet's military government came to power.
Rogers said the Chilean military acted not because the United States urged it to do so, "but because they believed that had the Allende regime continued much longer, Chilean liberties would be irretrievably lost."
Peter Kornbluh, a student of Latin American issues, whose book "The Pinochet File" will be released in September, disputed Mr. Rogers' account. "The U.S. government carried out a clear effort to undermine and destabilize Allende's ability to govern, creating the climate necessary for a coup to take place," Mr. Kornbluh said.
Mr. Rogers insists Mr. Kornbluh overstates the case. "Climate is one thing. Instigating a military attack on the civilian regime is quite another."
Mr. Kornbluh said the U.S. role in Chile did not end with the coup. He said that the U.S. government helped the Pinochet regime consolidate its power with overt and covert support "despite the full knowledge of its atrocities."
The notion of Nixon administration involvement in Chile after the Sept. 11, 1973, coup was reinforced last November when 11 Chileans filed a complaint against Mr. Kissinger and the U.S. government seeking damages for deaths and other rights abuses by the Pinochet government.
The suit, filed in U.S. District Court in Washington, also names Michael Townley, a U.S.-born former Chilean intelligence agent.
Under the long-standing rules, Mr. Rogers said Mr. Kissinger's role as defendant is assumed by the U.S. government on grounds that Mr. Kissinger was not acting as an individual but was carrying out government policy.
As for the suit against Mr. Kissinger and the U.S. government, the plaintiffs are seeking compensatory damages "in excess of $11 million" for rights abuses committed after the coup. They also asked for punitive damages in an amount "at least twice the compensatory damages."

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