- The Washington Times - Tuesday, January 21, 2003

WASHINGTON, Jan. 21 (UPI) — The Bush administration Tuesday released a 32-page document detailing what it said was Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's pattern of deception in relation to weapons of mass destruction, the exploitation of his people and attempts to portray Iraq as a victim of the United States.

The document — "Apparatus of Lies: Saddam's Disinformation and Propaganda 1990-2003" — comes as the United States gears up for possible war against Iraq despite widespread international opposition.

Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage released the report as part of a speech in Washington. Later in the week, Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz was scheduled to make remarks on Iraq, while President Bush was expected to make his case for possible war against Saddam in his State of the Union address next Tuesday.

Spokesman Ari Fleischer said the document was to show "the fact that Saddam Hussein has lied, is lying and will lie."

The report said that "in their disinformation and propaganda campaigns, the Iraqis use elaborate ruses and obvious falsehoods, covert actions and false on-the-record statements, and sophisticated preparation and spontaneous exploitation of opportunities."

"Many of the techniques are not new, but this regime exploits them more aggressively and effectively — and to more harmful effect — than any other regime in power today," the report said

The report said that in the weeks ahead in the tussle over Iraq disarming, the world was "urged to consider the regime's words, deeds, and images in light of this brutal record of deceit."

The report lists four broad categories it says Iraq has used in disinformation and propaganda. They range from placing military equipment and facilities near civilians in the hope of casualties from U.S. and allied military action, to Saddam's exploiting starvation and a medical crisis of his own making, to outright falsehoods and blaming the results of natural disasters on U.S. military action.

"It is not a lie when you are ordered to lie," the document quotes the head of Iraq's biological weapons program, Rihab Taha, when asked in 1998 by a U.N. inspector why she continued to lie when she knew they knew she was doing so.

The document's sections include a number of case studies.

The United States has repeatedly accused Saddam of deception and deceit in dealing with international weapons inspectors, a condition deemed in violation of Security Council Resolution 1441, which mandated Iraq's full, complete and honest cooperation with inspectors to whom Iraq was to prove it destroyed previous stocks of chemical and biological weapons.


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