- The Washington Times - Wednesday, August 18, 2004

ASSOCIATED PRESS

A federal judge held five reporters in contempt yesterday for refusing to identify their sources for stories about Wen Ho Lee, a former nuclear weapons scientist once suspected of spying, a lawyer said.

U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson imposed a fine of $500 a day for Associated Press reporter H. Josef Hebert, James Risen and Jeff Gerth of the New York Times and Robert Drogin of the Los Angeles Times, and Pierre Thomas of ABC, who was at CNN when the stories were done.

The fines are to continue until the reporters comply with Judge Jackson’s order to reveal the information, but Nathan Siegel, an attorney for AP, said the fines will be delayed pending an appeal.

The reporters contend that they provided all the relevant information they could without defying a commitment to protect their sources.

Mr. Lee is seeking the identity of the sources for his lawsuit against the departments of Energy and Justice. He contends that the agencies gave reporters private information on him and suggested that he was a suspect in an investigation into potential theft of secrets from Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.

In the order, Judge Jackson rejected the reporters’ arguments that Mr. Lee could obtain the information he seeks elsewhere. The judge said he was holding the five in contempt because they violated his explicit order.

“The journalists declined to reveal their confidential sources,” Judge Jackson said.

Mr. Siegel said AP would appeal.

During the hearing, Mr. Lee’s attorney, Brian Sun, said learning the identities of the journalists’ sources was critical to pursuing Mr. Lee’s privacy action against government officials.

“Although the journalists would posit this as a battle of the First Amendment, we would submit it’s not just that,” Mr. Sun said. “It’s undisputed that classified information was leaked and government officials acknowledged there were leaks. [Mr. Lee] is being deprived of crucial information.”

Last week, a federal judge held a Time magazine reporter in contempt for failing to reveal sources in a grand jury investigation into the leak of an undercover CIA officer’s identify last year. Prosecutors have subpoenaed at least four other journalists, and the reporter held in contempt, Matthew Cooper, is appealing.


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