- The Washington Times - Wednesday, March 9, 2005

It is painfully ironic that we are promoting the spread of democracy abroad when democracy is shrinking at home. Over the years, the outcomes of our elections have meant less and less, as judges have taken more and more decisions out of the hands of elected officials.

Judges have imposed their own notions on everything from school administration to same-sex “marriage,” and have ordered both state and federal agencies to spend billions of dollars to carry out policies favored by the judges or have even ordered a state legislature to raise taxes.

This naked exercise of judicial power has been covered by the fig leaf of pretending to “interpret” laws and the Constitution by stretching and twisting words beyond recognition.

The merits of the particular policies or expenditures are not the issue. The real issue is much bigger: Are the people to elect their own representatives to decide issues or are unelected judges to take over an ever-increasing power to rule?

This has happened gradually but steadily. Just as the late Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan referred to our growing acceptance of immoral behavior as “defining deviancy down,” so we have come to accept the steady erosion of democratic government as judges have defined democracy down.

While people in various Middle Eastern countries begin stirring as they see democracy start to take root in Iraq, our own political system is moving steadily in the opposite direction, toward rule by unelected judicial ayatollahs, acting like the religious ayatollahs in Iran. That is what makes the impending Senate battle over judicial nominees something much bigger than a current political squabble or a clash of senatorial egos.

One way to stop the continuing erosion of the Americans’ right to govern themselves would be to appoint judges who follow the great Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes’ doctrine that his job was to see the game played by the rules, “whether I like them or not.”

Judges with that philosophy are anathema to liberal Democrats in the Senate today. They know the only way many liberal policies can become law is by having them imposed by judges, because voters have increasingly rejected such policies and candidates who espouse them.

The Senate’s constitutional right and duty to “advise and consent” on the president’s judicial nominees is being denied by a minority of Democratic senators who refuse to let these nominees be voted on. Since Republicans have a majority in the Senate, they have the power to change Senate rules so a minority of senators can no longer prevent the full Senate from voting on judicial nominees.

Such a rule change is referred to as “the nuclear option,” since it would be a major change that could provoke major retaliation by the Democrats, both in obstructing current legislation and future use of the same rule to ride roughshod over Republicans when Democrats gain control of the Senate.

An aging Supreme Court means there is now a perhaps once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to stop the erosion of democratic self-government by putting advocates of judicial restraint, rather than judicial activism, on the federal courts, including the Supreme Court.

Senate Democrats understand how high the stakes are. But do the Republicans? President Bush clearly does but Republican Sen. Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, either doesn’t know or doesn’t care about the larger constitutional issues. He is siding with the Democrats in the name of compromise.

Sen. William Frist, the Republican majority leader, says he has the votes to change Senate rules to prevent a minority from denying the full Senate the right to vote on judicial nominees. Mr. Frist also had the votes to prevent Mr. Specter from becoming Senate Judiciary Committee chairman but he didn’t do so. He chose to avoid a fight.

That is not a hopeful sign for what to expect when high noon comes on the president’s judicial nominees.

Thomas Sowell is a nationally syndicated columnist.

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