- The Washington Times - Tuesday, November 1, 2005

CAMP ARIFJAN, Kuwait — A U.S. soldier could face the death penalty after an Army probe recommended yesterday he be court-martialed in the Iraq war’s first case of purported “fragging,” slang for the killing of superior officers.

Staff Sgt. Alberto B. Martinez of Troy, N.Y., had a “personal vendetta” against one of two officers who died in an explosion June 7 on a U.S. base near Tikrit, north of Baghdad, military investigator Col. Patrick Reinert said at the end of a two-day hearing in Kuwait.

Col. Reinert said he found “reasonable cause” to believe that Sgt. Martinez, 37, planted and detonated an anti-personnel mine in the window of a room used by Capt. Philip Esposito, 30, of Suffren, N.Y., and 1st Lt. Louis E. Allen, 34, of Milford, Pa., in a former Saddam Hussein palace.

Three hand grenades were also purportedly used in the attack that killed the officers.

Col. Reinert recommended that Sgt. Martinez face a court-martial hearing and said he found aggravating factors that could allow for capital punishment if the case goes to a military tribunal.

Lt. Gen. John Vines, the commander of the Multi-National Force Iraq, will decide whether there will be a court-martial and where it would be held.

Capt. Esposito and Lt. Allen were initially thought to have died as result of “indirect fire” on the base, but according to the testimony of Senior Master Sgt. Kevin Fitzgerald, an expert on explosives, fragments of a Claymore mine and parts of three grenades were found at the crime scene.

No clear motive was discussed in the hearing, but legal expert Maj. Matthew Ruzicka said Capt. Esposito had relieved Sgt. Martinez of his supply duties and Sgt. Martinez was afraid the measure would affect his civilian job back home.

Capt. Carl Prober, one of nine witnesses who testified in the investigative hearing on Monday, said Sgt. Martinez told him twice that he hated Capt. Esposito and was going to “frag” him. “Frag” is a Vietnam War term for U.S. soldiers killing their superiors.

Lt. Allen, who was in Capt. Esposito’s room at the time of the explosion, was apparently in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Sgt. Martinez joined the New York Army National Guard in December 1990. He was deployed to Iraq sometime after October 2004 with the 42nd Infantry.

The Tikrit case is the second during the Iraq war in which a U.S. soldier has been charged with killing his comrades, but it is believed to be the first of an American soldier in Iraq accused of killing his superiors.

In April, a sergeant in the Army’s 101st Airborne Division, Hasan Akbar, was convicted of murder and attempted murder for a grenade and rifle attack that killed two officers and wounded 14 soldiers in Kuwait in 2003 during the opening days of the war in Iraq.

Sgt. Akbar, 34, a Muslim, reportedly told investigators he carried out the attack because he was upset that American troops would kill his fellow Muslims. He was sentenced to death.

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