- The Washington Times - Monday, October 10, 2005

MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan — Rescuers struggled to reach remote, mountainous areas yesterday after Pakistan’s worst earthquake wiped out entire villages, buried roads in rubble and knocked out electricity and water supplies. The death toll stood at 20,000 and was expected to rise.

In this devastated Himalayan city, wounded covered by shawls lay in the street, and villagers used sledgehammers to break through the rubble of flattened schools and homes in the search for survivors.

The quake collapsed the city’s Islamabad Public School. Soldiers with white cloth tied around their mouths and noses pulled a small girl’s dust-covered body from the ruins, while the body of a boy remained pinned between heavy slabs of concrete.

The United Nations said more than 2.5 million people need shelter after the magnitude 7.6 earthquake along the Pakistan-India border. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Relief said it urgently needed 200,000 winterized tents.

President Pervez Musharraf complained of a shortage of helicopters needed to ferry in relief workers, food and medical supplies, and appealed for international help.

In Washington, President Bush said eight U.S. military helicopters were being moved to help in rescue efforts, and he promised financial assistance. India, which has fought three wars with Pakistan, also offered assistance, as did Israel, which has no relations with the Muslim nation.

“We are handling the worst disaster in Pakistan’s history,” chief army spokesman Maj. Gen. Shaukat Sultan said.

The quake was felt from central Afghanistan to western Bangladesh. It swayed buildings in the capitals of three nations, with the damage spanning at least 250 miles from Jalalabad in Afghanistan to Srinagar in northern Indian territory. In Islamabad, a 10-story building collapsed, killing at least 24 persons.

Late yesterday, helmeted rescuers found a survivor after hearing his cries for help. The thin man in a blue shirt, looking dazed, emerged on his own with little help and stood in front of a crowd of cheering onlookers. One rescuer patted his head, and the man waved and pumped his fist in the air.

Pakistan said the death toll ranged from 20,000 to 30,000. India reported more than 600 dead, and Afghanistan said four were killed.

“We have enough manpower, but we need financial support … to cope with the tragedy,” Gen. Musharraf said in Rawalpindi, according to the state-run news agency Associated Press of Pakistan. He also appealed for medicine and tents.

Mr. Musharraf told the British Broadcasting Corp. that he knew of as many as 20,000 people killed, and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz told CNN that about 43,000 people were injured.

Most of the devastation occurred in northern Pakistan. The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was centered about 60 miles northeast of the capital, Islamabad, in the forested mountains of Pakistani Kashmir.

“I have been informed by my department that more than 30,000 people have died in Kashmir,” said Tariq Mahmmod, communications minister for the Himalayan region.

Troops “have not started relief work in remote villages where people are still buried in the rubble, and in some areas, nobody is present to organize funerals for the dead,” he said.

The USGS said there were at least 25 aftershocks within 24 hours, including a magnitude 6.2 temblor.

Dozens of villages were cut off from rescuers by quake-induced landslides. Relatives desperate to find their loved ones dug through flattened homes and schools with bare hands.

In Muzaffarabad, a city of 600,000 that is the capital of Pakistani Kashmir, residents said they faced food and gasoline shortages. There was no electricity, and people collected water from a mountain stream.

Interior Minister Aftab Khan Sherpao said 11,000 people in Muzaffarabad were killed.

At least 250 students were feared trapped at the Islamabad Public School, and dozens of villagers, some with sledgehammers, pulled at debris and carried away bodies. Several bright backpacks dotted the rubble.

The military hospital collapsed, and residents said there were bodies inside. Doctors set up a makeshift clinic in a park.

“The situation is very bad. Surgeries are being conducted on soccer fields. There are not enough doctors,” Ozgur Bozoglu, a member of a Turkish search-and-rescue team, GEA, told Turkey’s NTV television.

Helicopters and C-130 transport planes took troops and supplies to damaged areas. When confronted by urgent appeals from villagers, Gen. Musharraf responded, “For heaven’s sake, bear with us.”

Mr. Bush said he spoke with Gen. Musharraf and “told him that we want to help in any way we can.”

“Thousands of people have died, thousands are wounded, and the United States of America wants to help,” Mr. Bush said from the Oval Office.

The United Nations, Britain, Russia, China, Turkey, Japan and Germany also offered assistance. An eight-member U.N. team of top disaster-coordination officials arrived in Islamabad yesterday.

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