- The Washington Times - Monday, April 30, 2007

BERLIN (AP) — Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker, a physicist who helped research atomic weapons for the Nazis during World War II, but later dedicated his life to pacifism and philosophy, has died. He was 94. His family said he had been severely ill for a long time.

Born in Kiel into a nationally prominent family of jurists and theologians, Mr. Weizsaecker studied physics and mathematics in Leipzig, Berlin and Goettingen, and went on to become a professor of physics. His brother, Richard, served as German president from 1984 until 1994.

Mr. Weizsaecker said he worked on the atomic bomb to avoid being conscripted into the Nazi army.

He also insisted in postwar interviews that he was grateful the nuclear technology was never used by the Nazis. But a secret recording of German scientists captured by the Allies caught Mr. Weizsaecker saying, after hearing of the U.S. nuclear bombing of Japan that, “If they were able to finish it by summer ‘45, then with a bit of luck, we could have been ready in winter ‘44-45.”

After the war, Mr. Weizsaecker dedicated his energies to philosophy, becoming a professor at the University of Hamburg. He also remained a physicist, conducting research for Germany’s Max Planck Institute.

A dedicated pacifist, he continually pressed for scientists to take moral responsibility for the results of their work. He wrote several books, translated into more than a dozen languages, that analyzed the dangers of war in the contemporary world.

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