- The Washington Times - Saturday, April 12, 2008

HAVANA — Thousands of Cubans will be able to get title to state-owned homes under regulations published yesterday in a step that might lay the groundwork for broader housing reform.

The measure was the first legal decree formally published since Raul Castro succeeded his brother Fidel as president in February. It was issued a day after state television said the government also will do away with wage limits, allowing state employees to earn as much they can as an incentive to productivity.

Together, housing and wage restrictions have been among the things that bother Cubans the most about their socialist system.

The housing decree spells out rules to let Cubans renting from their state employers keep their apartment or house after leaving their posts. They could gain title and even pass it on to their children or relatives.

Thousands of Cubans could take advantage of the move, including military families, sugar workers, construction workers, teachers and doctors.

Holding onto state housing originally designated for specific workers has been a widespread but usually informal fact of Cuban life. A 1987 law had foreseen transferring such housing to occupants, but this new measure should clarify their legal status.

“This is like no man’s land that they are legalizing,” said Oscar Espinosa Chepe, a state-trained economist who became a critic of the government. “It gets rid of that insecurity many people had and alleviates bureaucratic pressure.”

By law, Cubans still cannot sell their homes to anyone but the government, though they can swap housing with government approval — a process that can take years to complete.

Two officials at Cuba’s National Housing Institute said yesterday’s law was likely the first in a series of housing reforms. Both asked not to be named, however, because they were not authorized to speak to foreign media.

Home to 11.2 million people, Cuba suffers from a severe housing shortage. Officials say they need half a million additional homes. Critics claim the need is twice that.

The housing law was published a day after a commentator on state television said the government also will do away with wage limits, allowing state employees to earn as much they can as an incentive to productivity. Economic commentator Ariel Terrero said a resolution approved in February but not yet published will remove the salary caps designed to promote social and economic equality.

The government controls more than 90 percent of the economy, and while the communist system provides most Cubans with free education, health care and heavily subsidized food rations, the average salary is just $19.50 a month.

Since becoming Cuba’s first new president in 49 years, Raul Castro has done away with bans that prohibited Cubans from owning cell phones in their own names, staying in tourist hotels and buying DVD players, computers and coveted kitchen appliances.


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