- The Washington Times - Saturday, June 14, 2008



Who is the most scorned minority in America? A partial list of candidates can be found in U.S. Census tables of races, origins, languages, and ancestries. To measure the level of scorn, consider the virulence of epithets and stereotypes applied to group members. Consider whether society accords legal protections and benefits and, conversely, reprimands adversaries who openly discriminate, use racial or ethnic slurs, show bias in hiring, or commit acts of hatred. Consider what people say about them and how they are portrayed in movies, television, and theater.

Which minority fares worst? Here’s a hint: In the past three weeks alone, NBC’s Andrea Mitchell called them rednecks, Vice President Dick Cheney accused them of incest, and syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts Jr. accused them of bigotry (even though 80 percent of West Virginians said race was not a major factor in the state´s recent presidential primary).

Yes, in this supposedly enlightened age, there is one minority that still can be routinely portrayed on TV as dim-witted and cruel…slandered with the foulest of stereotypes…called by ethnic epithets…reviled by people who do not regard themselves as prejudiced and who are not regarded by others as being prejudiced…one that is clearly disadvantaged but receives no minority benefits and protections…one exempt somehow from America´s passion for diversity.

The answer, of course, is rural people (hicks, bumpkins, yokels) and among them Southern whites (rednecks, bubbas, crackers, white trash) and among them Appalachian whites (hillbillies). It is somehow OK in polite conversation to call them derogatory names, characterize them as ignorant, no matter how much schooling they have had; slander them with stereotypes, and make fun of their food and speech.

What is the most vile stereotype leveled at any minority in America? Surely nothing matches incest. Yet Appalachian people are routinely accused of incest, and there is no social rebuke for those who demonize them.

The depth of bigotry against Appalachian people, my people, was brought home to me in a very personal way at a national meeting of an academic association. A geographer delivered a fascinating analysis of the U. S. Census 2000, pointing out that Appalachian people typically identify themselves by “American ancestry” far more than any other group. He showed strong geographic correlations with income, education, and religion. When he finished, a colleague asked, “Did you try correlating that with incest?” I was stunned, and so was my wife who, by the way, is not my sister or daughter. The speaker answered, “I don´t think the government keeps figures on incest.” No one else complained or even remarked on the questioner´s scurrilous, unsupported indictment of our relatives, friends, and neighbors back home.

I faced the offender and said, “What do you think would have happened if you had said that about any other group in this country?” Indeed, If Ms. Mitchell, Messrs. Cheney and Pitts had slandered any other Americans, there would have been loud, credible calls for their resignations.

Insults hurt even those of us who succeed in the broader society. For many others, the cost is greater as upward mobility is hampered by bias in hiring and promotion due to widespread disdain for cultural traits such as dialect, religion, and clothing. Viewed with contempt even by many who champion other minorities, Appalachian people truly constitute a minority disadvantaged in status, income, education, wealth, power, health, and other key indicators of lifestyle and welfare.

All my life, I checked the box “American” for my ethnicity or stubbornly wrote American if there wasn´t a box for it, not knowing the choice was characteristic of my region. I knew why I did it, and the speaker confirmed why so many Appalachian people do: They have lived here so long that no one identifies with the places their ancestors, chiefly Scots-Irish, came from. Most of all, as James Webb states so convincingly writes in “Born Fighting,” they hold a deeply ingrained egalitarian attitude that we are all just Americans; it doesn´t matter where anyone came from.

So, there you have it. The most scorned minority in America are people who call themselves simply Americans. How ironic! Imagine the headline, “VEEP ACCUSES AMERICANS OF INCEST!”

Jerome Dobson is president of the American Geographical Society and professor of geography at the University of Kansas.

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