- The Washington Times - Tuesday, March 18, 2008

ANALYSIS/OPINION:

An important article appeared recently in The Times of India titled “Young Muslims in U.K. attracted to radical Islam.” The unfortunate reality is described plainly in the headline. But the article fails to unpack the implications of two key elements concealed in the very words of the writer himself.

The first clue appears in Paragraph 1:

Young Muslims in Britain are increasingly getting inclined toward radical Islam as it presents a more “comprehensive and coherent” ideology than the one advocated by local mosques, a report has suggested.

And the second in Paragraph 2:

“The growth of monocultural ghettos has led to the radicalization of young Muslims who see extremism as the only theology available to them,” the report by the British Home Office in 2005 said.

First, world Muslim leadership, especially its theologians, scholars and educators should recognize the implications of this observation. Second, all concerned citizens worldwide should recognize the enduring fact that nonreligious elements contribute to this harmful and self-destructive identification with deviant and aberrant “religious” interpretations.

Reading the Times of India headline, I was saddened. On balance, I admire the United Kingdom for its efforts to intuit and implement the all important ideal of religious freedom (as opposed to so many mainland European nations, which for some odd reason are lowbrow in this arena). Thus, why in the U.K. of all places (as one of the better places to be Muslim) should there be an increase in the trend toward what is called “radical Islam” (a misnomer in my opinion)?

The reasons shone through the writer’s observations. Actually, both halves of the equation have little to do with religion per se, but the implications for religious leaders and practitioners are great.

The two elements responsible for the rise of “radical Islam” among Muslim youth in the U.K. are: (1) Monocultural ghettos, and (2) the comprehensiveness and coherence of the message of hate. The fact of monocultural ghettos is a political, economic, cultural and historical reality, far more than a religious one (if at all). While not a religious reality, it is nevertheless a religious problem, namely something religions (and surely not just Islam) should address and fix.

Monocultural ghettos are a problem. These have the potential to lead to anger and violence whether packaged in an ideology or not (for example plain old drug and gang violence), and whether the ideology happens to be the perversion of religious teachings or not. (Marxism, an ideology that denies religion, is extremely violent.)

The second element that completes the circle in this sad and destructive mix is that the appeal described for “radical Islam” is that it is comprehensive and coherent, not that it is true, edifying, uplifting, consistent with tradition and historical interpretation, or responsible in anyway to genuinely religious purposes.

As with the ghetto problem, comprehensiveness and coherence in a thought system are not related necessarily to religion. Any thought system can be comprehensive and coherent, even one claiming to represent a religion despite violating the most important of its basic tenets.

And this issue of coherence (just as with the issue of monocultural ghettos) is not a matter necessarily related to religious thought, but again is a religious problem. If Muslim leaders, educators, and parents cannot present a comprehensive and coherent account of the Islam of peace, human equality, social cohesion and respect for life, they leave their precious children vulnerable to villains who can construct a comprehensive and coherent call, even if it is one that defiles all virtue and life itself.

It is not sufficient merely to proof-text and reiterate ad nauseum the incessant declaration that Islam is a religion of peace, and that Islam means peace. It is necessary to compete with the appeal, devotion and ideological ardor invested in the thought systems generated by militant and violent preachers and recruiters.

The realities sadly are (1) intolerable and enraging life in monocultural ghettos, combined with (2) the selfless (if perverse) devotion and intellectual striving of hateful, violent ideologues. These challenges must be faced and resolved by Muslim intellectuals, leaders and educators.

Where is there a comprehensive and coherent account of Islam’s true beauty that can speak in the midst of this tragedy, this current world of offense, separation and inequality experienced in Europe’s ghettos? This is the most pressing challenge of our time. The lives of a generation of beautiful young men and women depend on our success.

FRANK KAUFMANN

Director of the Inter-Religious Federation for World Peace

The opinions here are his own.

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