- The Washington Times - Thursday, March 20, 2008


The Supreme Court threw out the death sentence and conviction in a Louisiana murder case yesterday, citing racial prejudice in the actions of a prosecutor who called the murder trial his “O.J. Simpson case” and kept blacks off the jury.

By a 7-2 vote, the justices said state prosecutor Jim Williams improperly excluded blacks from the jury that convicted Allen Snyder of killing his estranged wife’s companion.

The Supreme Court ruled in 1986 that prosecutors may not exclude people from a jury solely because of their race. Mr. Snyder is black and the jurors were white.

Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr., writing for the majority, said the trial judge should have blocked Mr. Williams from striking a black juror. Justice Alito’s opinion made no mention of Simpson.

Justices Clarence Thomas and Antonin Scalia dissented. Justice Thomas said he would not “second-guess” the judge.

Mr. Williams disqualified all five blacks in the pool of prospective jurors. The court already had sent Mr. Snyder’s case back to the Louisiana courts following a ruling in 2005 that bolstered the prohibition on race bias in jury selection.

The prosecutor’s explanation for striking a prospective black juror was “suspicious,” said Justice Alito. The prospective juror’s supervisor said he did not think a schedule conflict between the upcoming trial and the prospective juror’s work would be a problem.

The prosecutor accepted white jurors who disclosed conflicting obligations “that appear to have been at least as serious as” the black juror who was excused, Justice Alito wrote.

The trial took place in August 1996, less than a year after Simpson was acquitted of killing his ex-wife and a male friend of hers. Leading up to the trial, Mr. Williams made repeated public references to the Snyder case as his “O.J. Simpson case.”

Mr. Snyder was convicted of first-degree murder in Jefferson Parish, just outside New Orleans. He was found guilty of repeatedly slashing his estranged wife, Mary Snyder, and a man, Harold Wilson, with a knife when he found them in a car outside her mother’s home in August 1995. His wife survived, but Mr. Wilson died.

In a 4-3 decision, the Louisiana Supreme Court ruled that race had no part in the state’s decisions involving black potential jurors.

When the case was argued in December, the justices were critical of the trial judge, Kernan “Skip” Hand, for overruling many defense objections about the prosecutor’s use of race and Simpson’s name.

Stephen Bright, Mr. Snyder’s Atlanta-based lawyer, said the ruling shows there is broad agreement among the justices that courts must closely examine the reasons given for excusing potential jurors when racial motives might be present but not acknowledged.

“The disturbing thing is that courts in Louisiana and elsewhere were just deferring to trial judges, no matter the reasons,” Mr. Bright said.

Mr. Snyder will get a new trial as a result of the ruling, Mr. Bright said.

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