- The Washington Times - Thursday, September 25, 2008

BAGHDAD | Iraq’s parliament overwhelmingly approved a provincial elections law Wednesday, overcoming months of deadlock and giving a boost to U.S.-backed national reconciliation efforts.

Also Wednesday, gunmen opened fire on a group of Iraqi policemen and members of a so-called Awakening Council northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 18, Iraqi officials said.

U.S. officials have complained privately that Iraqi politicians have failed to take advantage of the sharp drop in violence - down 80 percent since last year, according to the U.S. military - to forge lasting power-sharing agreements.

The legislation had been bogged down in a complex dispute between Arabs and Kurds over power sharing in the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, which Kurds seek to incorporate into their semiautonomous region.

Lawmakers acknowledged the delay in passing the measure would make it difficult for the electoral commission to organize the vote and pushed back the deadline for it to be held until Jan. 31, 2009.

The measure still needs to be approved by the three-member presidential panel led by President Jalal Talabani, himself a Kurd who vetoed the last attempt by parliament to push through a measure despite a Kurdish walkout.

But Kurdish legislators agreed to the latest proposal, suggesting presidential approval was more likely.

Agreement was reached after Shi’ite, Sunni, Kurdish and Turkmen lawmakers adopted a U.N. compromise to form a parliamentary committee to review disputes regarding Kirkuk separately so the elections could go ahead elsewhere.

Kurdish lawmaker Khalid Shewani said his bloc was reassured that the committee would review property disputes in Kirkuk and would work in accordance with the Iraqi constitution.

The new law requires the committee to make recommendations for separate legislation on Kirkuk by March 2009. It also banned political parties from using religious authorities, mosques and government institutions as part of campaigning.

U.N. envoy Staffan di Mistura, who has shuttled relentlessly between the political blocs to pressure them to approve the law, said preparations for the vote would begin immediately.

“Today is an important day for Iraq and democracy as the parliament found a compromise over election law,” he said. “This will help Iraq and Iraqis to express their opinions by voting for their candidates in the provinces.”

Parliamentary Speaker Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, a Sunni, said the law’s passage showed that Iraq’s fractured ethnic and religious groups could work together.

“In the past, Kirkuk was the mother of all troubles, but today it has become the symbol of Iraqi unity,” he said.

Voters will choose provincial councils in 14 provinces, which wield considerable power at the local level.

Excluded from the legislation were the three provinces that comprise the semiautonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq since they’re governed by the Kurdish parliament, as well as Tamim province, which includes Kirkuk.

The vote had been due to be held as early as Oct. 1, then the date was pushed to the end of December while U.N. and Iraqi officials have warned continued deadlock could force it to be postponed until next year.

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