- The Washington Times - Sunday, March 15, 2009

BAGHDAD (AP) - U.S. troops will focus on attacking insurgent supply routes and rural hideouts after combat troops withdraw from Baghdad and other Iraqi cities by the end of June, a senior U.S. commander said Sunday.

Brig. Gen. Frederick Rudesheim, a deputy commander of U.S. forces in Baghdad, said the shift from the cities to large bases outside will help make the capital safer because U.S. troops can go after militants at the source: The countryside where they plan their attacks and load up on guns and bombs.

Rudesheim spoke a week after two separate suicide attacks killed more than 60 people in the Baghdad area, raising new concerns about the readiness of Iraqi forces to take over their own security.

“I want to leave it very clear that there’s no cessation of combat operations” after June 30, Rudesheim told reporters in Baghdad’s heavily guarded Green Zone.

“We understand that we’re going to have the vast majority of our formations moving out of the city proper and moving to the rural belts,” he said.

“We’re talking about an enemy that tries to establish itself in rural areas and establish support zones in the rural areas around Baghdad … and from there conducts operations into the more urban areas” of the capital, he added.

He also said U.S. troops would continue combat operations in the cities after June 30 but from bases outside town rather than outposts that were established throughout various neighborhoods as part of the 2007 U.S. troop surge.

He said the giant Camp Victory complex on the western outskirts of Baghdad will remain open, but the fate of U.S. military forces in the central Green Zone remains under discussion.

“We will not forsake the security that has been established by the Iraqi security forces and coalition forces,” he said.

The U.S.-Iraq security pact that went into effect Jan. 1 calls for U.S. combat forces to leave the cities by the end of June in the first step of a plan to remove all American troops from Iraq by the end of 2011.

President Barack Obama wants to withdraw all combat troops by September 2010, leaving behind a residual force of up to 50,000 soldiers to train Iraqi forces and go after al-Qaida.

Rudesheim said U.S. military transition teams that train Iraqi forces will remain at posts within the city.

The U.S. withdrew most combat troops from Baghdad in 2005, sending patrols into the city but leaving much of the day to day security to the Iraqis. A key part of the 2007 troop surge was to move units back in to the cities to protect the civilian population from Shiite and Sunni militants who ruled the streets.

U.S. and Iraqi forces have also relied on Sunni volunteer fighters _ many of them former insurgents _ to maintain security in Baghdad and rural areas around the capital.

Last year, the Iraqi government took over responsibility for paying the fighters, known as Sons of Iraq, from the U.S. military and pledged to bring 20 percent of them into the mostly Shiite army and the police. The rest will get civilian jobs, the government promised.

But Rudesheim said he was concerned the Iraqi government’s budget problems had slowed the integration.

Iraq’s parliament passed a $58.6 billion budget earlier this month after making drastic cuts as oil prices plunged from a mid-July high of nearly $150 a barrel to about $46. As a result, the government has implemented a police hiring freeze, said Rudesheim.

He said the Iraqi government has continued paying the fighters but has not integrated them into the security forces “to the degree that was anticipated.”

U.S. officials have expressed concern that some of the volunteers may return to insurgent ranks if the government reneges on its commitments.

But a leading Sunni sheik who heads the fighters in Anbar province said the volunteers must show patience and support the government in time of economic crisis.

“If the state is facing a financial crisis, we should help and not insist upon joining (the security forces),” Sheik Ahmed Abu Risha said. “We need to think about the future of our nation.”

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