Monday, March 23, 2009

WASHINGTON (AP) — President Barack Obama wagered significant political capital Sunday, signaling opposition to a highly popular congressional drive to slap a punitive 90 percent tax on bonuses to big earners at financial institutions already deeply in debt to taxpayers.

Obama defended his stand by saying the tax, passed quickly in the House of Representatives last week, would be unconstitutional and that he would not “govern out of anger.” He declared his determination, nevertheless, to make Wall Street understand it must shed “the old way of doing business.”

In a wide ranging interview broadcast Sunday night, Obama also acknowledged surprise at how quickly the U.S. economy crumbled between his November election and January inauguration.

“I don’t think that we anticipated how steep the decline would be,” he said in the “60 Minutes” interview on CBS television. “That slope is a lot steeper than anything that we’ve said — we’ve seen before.”

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There was considerable political risk attached to Obama’s implied rejection of the 90 percent tax measure. It raced through the House of Representatives as lawmakers responded to a wave of American anger over bonus payments to American International Group Inc. employees.

A week ago, the company paid out at least $165 million in bonuses even though taxpayers were keeping the insurance giant afloat with a $170 billion government bailout.

While questioning the legality and constitutionality of the House measure, Obama said he expected the Senate would produce a much different and acceptable version of the bill — one that he could sign.

In a portion of the interview taped in the Oval Office, Obama issued his standard and optimistic long-term prognosis for the economy, but responded, “Yes,” when asked if “the financial system could still implode if you had a big failure at AIG or at Citicorp?”

And the president explained that he felt caught in a balancing act, trying to assuage taxpayer anger at Wall Street with the need for support from the financial sector for his attempts to stop the country from plunging into fiscal turmoil unseen since the 1930s Great Depression.

“I think that you’ve got a pretty egregious situation here (bonus payments) that people are understandably upset about,” he said in the interview taped on Friday. “And so let’s see if there are ways of doing this that are both legal, that are constitutional — that uphold our basic principles of fairness, but don’t hamper us from getting the banking system — back on track.”

Earlier Sunday, Jared Berets, Vice President Joe Biden’s economic adviser, previewed Obama’s opposition to the AIG tax plan, saying it “may be a dangerous way to go.”

And White House economic adviser Austen Goolsbee said his boss understood the nation’s anger and that the easiest thing would be for AIG executives to return the bonuses. “He’s going to look at what comes out of the House, what comes out of the Senate, see what ideas we have,” Goolsbee said.

Obama used the CBS interview to yet again defend Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and his plans to resuscitate the ailing financial system.

After appearing blind-sided by and wrong-footed last week in its response to millions of dollars in bonus payments, Geithner was set on Monday to detail plans to use $100 billion in federal bailout funds to leverage as much as $1 trillion in so-called toxic assets off the books of endangered banks.

Christina Romer, a top Obama economic adviser, said Sunday that Geithner would achieve that goal using part of what remains in the $700 billion financial rescue package to entice private investors to buy the bad assets and hold them until the system recovers. She said the Federal Reserve and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. would inject more capital as well, but did not specify how much.

The goal: Thawing the frozen credit system which has been denying loans to businesses and consumers, compounding the country’s deep recession.

Romer said Geithner was laying out one more piece of the administration’s plan to revive the collapsing economy, and that she did not expect the message to trigger the same kind of stock market plunge that greeted the treasury secretary’s original discussion of the plan on Feb. 10. The Dow Jones industrial average shed 380 points as investors expressed disappointment about a lack of details.

Meanwhile, Republican Sen. Judd Gregg predicted Obama’s ambitious $3.6 trillion budget, including massive spending to save the economy, would put the country into bankruptcy and would never pass Congress.

“The practical implications of this is bankruptcy for the United States. There’s no other way around it,” Gregg said. “If we maintain the proposals which are in this budget over the 10-year period that this budget covers, this country will go bankrupt. People will not buy our debt; our dollar will become devalued.”

Gregg, however, joined Obama in defending Geithner and agreed with the president’s apparent rejection of the House measure to tax bonuses.

“Let’s not overreact in a way that basically has the Congress grabbing its pitchforks, and charging up the hill, and abusing what is a core authority of a government, which is the authority to tax its people,” he said.

Bernstein spoke on ABC’s “This Week.” Goolsbee appeared on CBS’ “Face the Nation.” Romer spoke on “Fox News Sunday” and CNN’s “State of the Union.” Gregg appeared on CNN as well.

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